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Stockholm University (2010)

From Boreholes to Households : Understanding the Impact of Water Access for Lives and Livelihoods in Rural Sahel

Porsani, Juliana Amaral

Titre : From Boreholes to Households : Understanding the Impact of Water Access for Lives and Livelihoods in Rural Sahel

Auteur : Porsani, Juliana Amaral

Université de soutenance : Stockholm University

Grade : Master’s Thesis in Geography 2010

Résumé
This thesis is the result of a ten-week field trip to rural Niger. It is based on data collected in two villages located in the Zinder region : Gouliske and Garin Tsangaya. It focuses on water and on its main drawers : women ; and traces some of the links between household water supply and rural livelihoods in a semi-arid environment. It exposes the ways through which water has been accessed and managed in each site ; identifies which factors have been promoting and hindering the sustainability of the local water management scheme ; and ultimately, demonstrates how an unimproved water supply can jeopardize livelihoodbased activities in direct and indirect ways. Its results emphasize the nature of water not only as a substance that fulfills basic needs but also as a valuable resource in the hands of productive women. This study takes a Sustainable Livelihoods Approach, and ultimately adds to the body of evidence on how sustainable and improved household water supply can lead to less vulnerable livelihoods.

Mots Clés : improved household water supply, productive uses of water, women, sustainable livelihoods, development projects, drought, Niger.

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Page publiée le 4 février 2016, mise à jour le 3 août 2018