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Commission Européenne (CORDIS) 2006

CEDROME Developing drought-resistant cereals to support efficient water use in the Mediterranean

Drought Cereals Water

CORDIS (Service Communautaire d’Information sur la Recherche et le Développement) Commission Européenne

Titre : CEDROME Developing drought-resistant cereals to support efficient water use in the Mediterranean area

Région : Méditerranée

Code du projet : 15468 FP6-INCO

Durée : Date de début : 2006-01-01, Date de fin : 2009-10-31

Descriptif
Limited water resources are now a major challenge to World food security esp. in many developing countries such as those in the Mediterranean basin. Cereal cultivation, including rice and wheat, requires a tremendous amount of water, and any deficiency can severely affect yield. CEDROME aims to develop drought resistant cereals to support the efficient use of water supplies in the Mediterranean area. Additionally, development of drought resistant cereals will also facilitate increased agricultural productio n by making use of large areas of yet underdeveloped dry lands. With the available genomic sequence, the well-defined genetic maps and large collection of mutation and insertion lines, rice is the obvious model for this research. The knowledge obtained and functional genes identified from rice can be extrapolated in the improvement of other cereal crops such as wheat, barley and sorghum since they are closely related.
This multi-disciplinary project combines European and MPC expertise in classical breeding, plant physiology and cereal crop biotechnology to assist the development of a new generation of wheat and upland rice varieties with enhanced drought resistance. 2 Chinese partners in this project provide expertise in cereal biotechnology, as well as valuable breeding tools and materials. Molecular markers will be used to identify drought-related loci. Conventional breeding will be used to combine drought resistance genes in new cultivars and new candidate drought resistance genes will be identified. Constructs will be made with these new and existing putative drought resistance genes and transgenic rice and wheat plants will be evaluated in various countries under different growing conditions. In addition genetic approaches will be taken to identify new gene s from different mutagenized populations. Results of this project will support sustainable development in the Mediterranean area and will also be applicable to other cereal-growing countries.

Participants au projet
Coordinateur : LEIDEN UNIVERSITY (Netherlands)
Participants : INSTITUTE OF BOTANY, CHINESE ACADEMY OF SCIENCES China ; CENTRE DE COOPÉRATION INTERNATIONALE EN RECHERCHE AGRONOMIQUE POUR LE DÉVELOPPEMENT France ; CONSIGLIO PER LA RICERCA E SPERIMENTAZIONE IN AGRICOLTURE (C.R.A.) - ISTITUTO SPERIMENTALE PER LA CEREALICOLTURA Italy ; HUAZHONG AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY China ; AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH CENTER - RICE RESEARCH PROGRAMAGRICULTURAL GENETIC ENGINEERING RESEARCH INSTITUTE (AGERI) Egypt ; CENTER DE BIOTECHNOLGIE DE SFAX Tunisia  ; UNIV. CADI AYYAD, FACULTÉ DES SCIENCES SEMLALIA MARRAKECH-MOROCCO Morocco ; CHINA AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY China ; THE UNIVERSITY COURT OF THE UNIVERSITY OF ABERDEEN United Kingdom ; CONSIGLIO PER LA RICERCA E LA SPERIMENTAZIONE IN AGRICOLTURA Italy

Budget
Coût total : EUR 2 025 000
Contribution UE : EUR 1 700 000

Présentation : Commission Européenne

Page publiée le 24 septembre 2015, mise à jour le 3 novembre 2017