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CGIAR/CCAFS (2013)

Gender impacts of water hazards in Yunnan, China : a Vulnerability and Adaptive Capacity Assessment

Gender Water

Research program : Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS)

Titre : Gender impacts of water hazards in Yunnan, China : a Vulnerability and Adaptive Capacity Assessment

Région /Pays : Chine

Date : Mar 1, 2013 to Dec 1, 2015

Contexte
Mountain regions of Yunnan and the Himalayas have long been subject to water stress (flooding and associated risks (e.g. landslide) and drought). Recently, Yunnan faced successive years of severe drought and uncertain projections in the recent SREX report suggest drought may continue to affect the region. Previous small-scale surveys have found that households located at different elevations face different risks and have different capacities for addressing those risks. This is primarily because of the different production and management systems adopted at different elevations (e.g. irrigated agriculture in valleys, rainfed in uplands).

Présentation
A survey focused on the role of trees-on-farm in coping with drought found that, while field crops are mostly affected, the role of trees as a economic buffer against drought impacts depends on tree species and their characteristics (e.g. water demand, drought and flood tolerance, reliance on other inputs i.e. fertilizer), the location of the trees planted, the age of trees etc. Thus, trees-on-farm are one option to farmers to minimize their vulnerability to water hazards in the region. Government policies can be improved on minimizing the promotion of vulnerable tree species and/or increase resilience of field and tree crops to drought and flood hazards by management options. Previous studies showed that households’ most common response to drought and crop failure was seasonal migration for wage labour, which is a highly gendered activity, and therefore has impacts on gender aspects of remaining on-farm adaptation and coping options.
To date there has been no in-depth study on these gender issues. Given the frequency of off-farm migration as a coping strategy in the region, it is necessary to better understand the role of and options available to women in adaptation to and coping with water related hazards. It is necessary to refine document and demonstrate the value of gender-sensitive adaptation research.

Participants au projet
Coordinateur : World Agroforestry Centre ICRAF
Partenaires : Kunming Institute of Botany  ; Yunnan Academy of Social Sciences  ; Prefecture Agriculture and Forestry Departments  ; International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development  ; Yunnan Agricultural University

Présentation : CGIAR/CCAFS

Page publiée le 18 octobre 2015, mise à jour le 20 novembre 2017