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Innovations for Poverty Action (IPA) 2010

Ultra Poor Graduation Pilot in Yemen

Poor Yemen

Innovations for Poverty Action

Titre : Ultra Poor Graduation Pilot in Yemen

Région /Pays : Yemen

Lieu : 1000 households in 50 Communities in Aden, Lahij, & Taiz Governates of Yemen

Date : 2010-2012

Contexte
Located on the tip of the Arabian Peninsula, Yemen faces economic challenges. Food insecurity, aggravated by a scare supply of water, leaves 32 percent of the country undernourished [1]. Over 45 percent of the population lives under $2 US a day and about 17 percent lives under $ 1.25 US a day [2]. The Social Welfare Fund (SWF), the Yemeni welfare department, and the Social Fund for Development (SFD), a government-run development agency, have partnered with IPA to pilot the Graduation Model in three governorates of southern Yemen.

Présentation
Can an intensive package of support lift the ultra poor out of extreme poverty to a more stable state ? Graduation programs provide ultra-poor beneficiaries with a holistic set of services including : consumption support, new livelihoods (such as chickens or goats) provided as an asset transfer along with training on management of the assets, access to savings, and coaching visits over a 24-month period

Programme
The Graduation Model in Yemen works in accord with the SWF welfare system. All households in the sample frame come from the SWF welfare lists and receive an average quarterly stipend of 3,000 YR ($15 US). The poorest households are identified using the Progress Out of Poverty Index and are verified as the poorest during SWF field officer visits. These households are then randomly assigned to either a treatment or comparison group. Beneficiaries in treatment households receive training on an income generating activity such as, sewing, raising livestock, or petty trading. As households’ income and food consumption stabilizes, beneficiaries are required to open a savings account at the local post office and are encouraged to reach a savings goal of 10,750 YR (about $ 50US) by the end of the two year program. In addition, these ultra poor households are monitored throughout the program with weekly visits from field officers and receive additional trainings on confidence building, social integration, and sanitation practices.

Partenaires  : Consultative Group to Assist the Poor (CGAP) ; Ford Foundation ; Social Fund for Development (SFD) ; Social Welfare Fund (SWF)

Innovation for Poverty Action (IPA)

Page publiée le 30 septembre 2015, mise à jour le 9 novembre 2017