Informations et ressources scientifiques
sur le développement des zones arides et semi-arides

Accueil du site → Master → Pays Bas → 2006 → Social capital in rural dry season farming communities and its effect on the use and implementation of small water reservoirs

Technical University Delft (2006)

Social capital in rural dry season farming communities and its effect on the use and implementation of small water reservoirs

Kinderen, I. van

Titre : Social capital in rural dry season farming communities and its effect on the use and implementation of small water reservoirs

Auteur : Kinderen, I. van

Université de soutenance : Technical University Delft

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2006

Résumé partiel
In the past century a wide range of organizations has tried to solve development problems in Africa. The focus of these efforts was often on the third world’s agricultural sector where the impact of drought has severe impacts. In order to fight the consequences of droughts, a variety of organizations started constructing small reservoirs in rural areas such as the Upper East region in Ghana. However, not all water reservoirs proved successful. Often the small reservoirs were not maintained properly and became dysfunctional. The ‘Small Reservoir Project’, for which this research is performed, does research on these small reservoirs. The objective of the ‘Small Reservoir Project’ is to create a set of tools and procedures. This toolbox aims to support the planning, the development and the management of small reservoirs ensembles and to promote and support the use of these small reservoirs (www.smallreservoirs.org). A recent study of two reservoirs in the Upper East of Ghana, Tanga and Tonde, shows that the way rural communities manage their reservoirs do differ significantly. Tonde reservoir seems to have reached a more sustainable situation than Tanga. However, for these two communities the geographical, climatologically, formal macro and meso institutional settings are not significantly different. By performing a research in these communities one allows the focus to be on the differences on micro level. When problem owners are in, or foresee, unwanted situations, policy designs or adjustments can be made so these situations can be changed or avoided. In order to achieve this objective a multi actor analyses is made to gain insight in the system in which the policy will be implemented. However, traditional policy analysis seems to be unable to give a full explanation for certain behavior, mainly in development efforts. Why, for example, do reservoirs which have a central function in life supporting activities for farmers, fall into disrepair while knowledge and means are present to maintain these systems. Interesting would be to investigate how social aspects in these dry-season farming communities, defined in a framework called ‘social capital’, influences the usage and management of the two reservoirs. In the framework of social capital, social cognitive configurations are used to enable quantitative comparison of the actors’ perception of the structural network characteristics in which they act.

Mots Clés : WATER RESOURCES, FARMING SYSTEMS

Présentation

Version intégrale (2,85 Mb)

Page publiée le 5 février 2016, mise à jour le 16 octobre 2018