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2000

Soutien au Comité permanent Inter-Etats de Lutte contre la Sécheresse dans le Sahel / Permanent Interstates Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel (CILSS)

Sahel

Titre : Soutien au Comité permanent Inter-Etats de Lutte contre la Sécheresse dans le Sahel / Permanent Interstates Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel (CILSS)

Région : Sahel

Zone géographique : Originally Gambia, Guinea Bissau, Mauritania, Senegal, Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger, Chad and Cape Verde. Now linked to ECOWAS, its scope has expanded to Cote D’Ivoire, Guinea, Benin and Togo.

Durée : 1973 to Present

Descriptif
USAID’s support to CILSS has increased its capacity enormously, transforming CILSS into the leading technical arm of principal regional institutions, ECOWAS and WAEMU.

This support has helped CILSS to :
* Create a “cadre harmonisé” : a regional standard of assessment for food security, nutrition and vulnerability. These common assessment tools and standards enable country stakeholders to jointly decide on emergency status, and allow USAID and West African organizations to accurately analyze regional vulnerability to better target their aid efforts.
* Integrate agricultural, meteorological and trade data relating to food security throughout the Sahel and WA, so that all farmers in the region have access to the same information and technology to mitigate climate risks and increase their profit margins for staple crops (maize, rice, sorghum, millet and livestock).
* Help the people of WA and the Sahel become more resilient through USAID-supported CILSS early warning systems for weather patterns and ecological crises that help farmers mitigate, respond to and recover from natural shocks.
* Standardize sanitary and phytosanitary policy throughout the region so farmers and consumers have the same protection from biosafety risks.
* Monitor changing land use patterns in WA and the impact of land degradation, desertification and human use on the environment. By documenting the changing landscape, using satellite images and local knowledge, CILSS provides decision makers with information needed for managing their natural resources.
* Support the WA Land Use and Land Cover Trends Project to document and quantify the impacts of a variety of changes, including in climate, natural resources, demography and agricultural production systems, on the environment and land resources throughout WA. The project uses satellite images to map and quantify land use and land cover changes that have occurred through the sub-region in the last 35 to 40 years

Financement : Average Annual Funding from USAID : 3,400,000 USD

Agence de Développement International du Gouvernement des Etats Unis (USAID)

Page publiée le 25 août 2015, mise à jour le 10 juillet 2018