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Michigan Technological University (2015)

Sorghum Yield and Zai Holes in Goundi, Burkina Faso

Gelb Justin

Titre : Sorghum Yield and Zai Holes in Goundi, Burkina Faso

Auteur : Gelb Justin

Université de soutenance : Michigan Technological University

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2015

Résumé
The purpose of this study was to determine if there was a difference in sorghum yield between the Mossi zai hole and the Gourounsi zai hole, specifically examining the effects of manure and soil water conservation. A study field was created with six different treatments : (1) control with traditional management (no zai holes), (2) traditional management with manure, (3) Mossi zai holes with no manure, (4) Mossi zai holes with manure, (5) Gourounsi zai holes with no manure, and (6) Gourounsi zai holes with manure. Soil moisture readings were taken after each rainstorm (about weekly), soil properties were analyzed before planting and after harvest and above ground biomass was weighed at harvest.Manure was the only variable that significantly increased crop yield. This is different from the original hypothesis ; zai holes were thought to be the main driver of increased crop yield in Sahelian West Africa. Zai holes did not have a significant effect on soil moisture.

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Page publiée le 20 novembre 2015, mise à jour le 21 décembre 2017