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Arizona State University (2015)

Outdoor Soiling Loss Characterization and Statistical Risk Analysis of Photovoltaic Power Plants

Boppana, Sravanthi

Titre : Outdoor Soiling Loss Characterization and Statistical Risk Analysis of Photovoltaic Power Plants

Auteur : Boppana, Sravanthi

Université de soutenance  : Arizona State University

Grade : Masters Thesis Engineering 2015

Résumé
This is a two-part thesis :
Part 1 characterizes soiling losses using various techniques to understand the effect of soiling on photovoltaic modules. The higher the angle of incidence (AOI), the lower will be the photovoltaic (PV) module performance. Our research group has already reported the AOI investigation for cleaned modules of five different technologies with air/glass interface. However, the modules that are installed in the field would invariably develop a soil layer with varying thickness depending on the site condition, rainfall and tilt angle. The soiled module will have the air/soil/glass interface rather than air/glass interface. This study investigates the AOI variations on soiled modules of five different PV technologies. It is demonstrated that AOI effect is inversely proportional to the soil density. In other words, the power or current loss between clean and soiled modules would be much higher at a higher AOI than at a lower AOI leading to excessive energy production loss of soiled modules on cloudy days, early morning hours and late afternoon hours. Similarly, the spectral influence of soil on the performance of the module was investigated through reflectance and transmittance measurements. It was observed that the reflectance and transmittances losses vary linearly with soil density variation and the 600-700 nm band was identified as an ideal band for soil density measurements.
Part 2 of this thesis performs statistical risk analysis for a power plant through FMECA (Failure Mode, Effect, and Criticality Analysis) based on non-destructive field techniques and count data of the failure modes. Risk Priority Number is used for the grading guideline for criticality analysis. The analysis was done on a 19-year-old power plant in cold-dry climate to identify the most dominant failure and degradation modes. In addition, a comparison study was done on the current power plant (framed) along with another 18-year-old (frameless) from the same climate zone to understand the failure modes for cold-dry climatic condition.

Mots clés : Alternative energy / Statistics / Angle of incidence / Degradation / FMECA / Performance / RPN / Soiling in PV

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Page publiée le 4 novembre 2015, mise à jour le 20 décembre 2017