Informations et ressources scientifiques
sur le développement des zones arides et semi-arides

Accueil du site → Projets de développement → Projets de recherche pour le Développement → 2007 → Improving food potential in West African parkland trees

Danida - Agence danoise pour le développement international 2007

Improving food potential in West African parkland trees

Food Parkland Trees

Danida - Agence danoise pour le développement international

Titre du projet : Improving food potential in West African parkland trees

Pays : Burkina Faso, Mali

Durée  : January 1, 2007 à December 31, 2010

Description
Leaves and fruits of Baobab (Adansonia digitata) and the African Locust Bean (Parkia biglobosa) are, utilized daily in West African households and rich in vitamins, proteins and nutrients. Both species have potential for increased and more efficient utilization and are very important food sources. The project aims to the food security of rural people by increasing the production capacity of baobab and the Parkia tree by identifying trees and seed sources with high nutrient level and adaptability to a dryer climate. Methods for breeding of trees for nutrient contents will be developed in a cross disciplinary cooperation between research in food technology, agroforestry and gene ecology. Superior trees with high nutrition level will be selected for vegetative propagation and made available for public use. Studies will relate seed quality and origin of P. biglobosa to results of the fermentation process. Studies on A. digitata will survey the possibilities for better utilization of baobab fruits through fermentation. A constraint for increased use of trees is the long production time, and vegetative propagation of Parkia will be developed. New fast producing hedge systems are available for baobab, and specific seed sources with high nutrient content will be developed. To ensure the adaptive properties of the species to climatic change, their ecophysiology and gene ecology will be studied in nurseries trials on young plant material, collected from selected localities in West Africa. Ultimately, guidelines for a sustainable utilization and gene conservation of A. digitata and P. biglobosa will be given.

Coordination : University of Copenhagen (KU), Denmark, Faculty of Life Sciences (LIFE)

Financement : DKK 4,493,380

Présentation : DANIDA

Page publiée le 4 décembre 2015, mise à jour le 4 novembre 2017