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Accueil du site → Projets de développement → Projets de recherche pour le Développement → 2009 → Domestication of Jatropha Curcas for Oil Production on Smallholder Farms in the Sudano-Sahelian Region with focus on Mali, 2009-2013

Danida - Agence danoise pour le développement international (2009)

Domestication of Jatropha Curcas for Oil Production on Smallholder Farms in the Sudano-Sahelian Region with focus on Mali, 2009-2013

Domestication Jatropha Curcas Mali

Danida - Agence danoise pour le développement international

Titre : Domestication of Jatropha Curcas for Oil Production on Smallholder Farms in the Sudano-Sahelian Region with focus on Mali, 2009-2013

Pays : Mali

Durée  : January 1, 2009 à December 31, 2014

Description
This project shall contribute to sustainable, local production of bio-diesel from Jatropha curcas in Mali by establishment and dissemination of basic pre-breeding knowledge and facilitate future access to tested and selected plant material. The project is based on the idea that deployment of genetically improved and tested plant material can enhance production and reduce risk for the farmers. Jatropha curcas is a tropical shrub native to tropical America, but grown throughout the tropics. The species is suitable for dry sites and seeds contain up to 38% oil. It is easy to grow and widely used for e.g. erosion control, fencing around arable land, firewood, manure, various medicinal uses, fodder, and soap production. Cultivation of J. curcas for bio-energy has multiple development potentials : employment, income, local added value, import independency on energy, carbon sequestration, and as substitute for fossil energy. However, verified data on oil yield under different growing conditions is very limited. Also, guidance regarding sustainable domestication and access to planting material tested under different growth conditions are lacking. Cultivation of J. curcas may therefore involve un-needed risk for the growers, and the potential of utilising selected planting material remains un-utilised. No systemic exploration of the genetic resources of J. curcas has been made in any African country. The present project will therefore study productivity of J. curcas across environments, estimate genetic parameters and genetic reaction norms across climatic gradients within Mali, and develop basic pre-breeding knowledge including understanding of breeding systems and characterisation of the gene resource available for farmer-based domestication in Mali. Innovative approaches for farmer lead domestication of J. curcas shall be developed including adaptive strategies towards climate change. Finally, the project shall identify alternative oil producing species for arid and semi-arid lands as input to a diversification strategy. The project is based on cooperation between partners in Denmark and Africa, and will benefit from both DNA studies, field testing, surveys and joint development of thoughts and ideas. Capacity building and knowledge sharing are important aspects in all parts of the project.

Coordination : University of Copenhagen (KU), Denmark, Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management (KU)

Partenaires : Institut d’Economie Rural (IER), Mali  ; The International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Niger  ; The World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF), Mali  ; Mali-Folkecenter (MFC), Mali  ; Mali Biocarburant SA (MBSA), Mali

Financement : DKK 6,689,747

Présentation : DANIDA

Page publiée le 12 septembre 2015, mise à jour le 8 novembre 2017