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University of Iowa (2015)

Modeling groundwater quality in an arid agricultural environment in the face of an uncertain climate : the case of Mewat District, India

Weber Mary Catherine

Titre : Modeling groundwater quality in an arid agricultural environment in the face of an uncertain climate : the case of Mewat District, India

Auteur : Weber Mary Catherine

Université de soutenance : University of Iowa

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2015

Résumé
The salinization of groundwater resources is a widespread problem in arid agricultural environments. In Mewat, the amount of solutes dissolved in the water has become too high to use for drinking or agriculture. The only fresh water recharge to this bowl-shaped region is through precipitation, which is focused at the foothills of the mountain. The freshest water is found closest to the mountains and the salinity of the groundwater increases as the distance from the mountains increase. The pumps that supply the region with fresh water are located in the shrinking freshwater zone. Locally-monitored wells show the movement of salinity in the region, as the saline water encroaches upon the freshwater. This study aims to answer the following questions : How long until the region runs out of fresh water ? What would it take to have sustainable fresh water supplies ? Is it even possible to have sustainable fresh water supplies in this environment ? In order to answer these questions, we will quantify potential futures for an arid, groundwater-dependent location in rural India, using numerical groundwater modeling to quantify interactions between human water use, infrastructure, and climate. Outcomes of this modeling study will inform sustainable management of groundwater resources

Mots clés : Climate Change, Forecasting, Groundwater, India, Numerical Modeling

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Page publiée le 4 septembre 2015, mise à jour le 23 décembre 2017