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University of South Africa (2014)

Yield and quality of pomegranate on selected geographical areas in Western Cape Province, South Africa

Mashavhathakha, Khathutshelo Logan

Titre : Yield and quality of pomegranate on selected geographical areas in Western Cape Province, South Africa

Auteur : Mashavhathakha, Khathutshelo Logan

Université de soutenance : University of South Africa

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2014

Résumé
The pomegranate fruit is one of the high valued crops, but there is insufficient information regarding the fruit properties in South Africa. The aim of the study was to evaluate the physico-chemical properties as well as total phenols, anthocyanin, antioxidant, organic sugars and acids of cultivar Wonderful on three locations of the Western Cape. This study was conducted on mature pomegranate fruits harvested in the 2012 and 2013 seasons. Fruit weight (g), length (mm), and width (mm), peel/aril colour and total arils weights (g) were measured. Fruits were also analysed for total soluble solids (TSS) or °Brix), titratable acidity (TA) and juice pH. Results of the study showed that there were significant differences in all measured factors with the exception of % aril yield between the three locations. Though varied per season, fruits produced at Bonnievalle had better physical and chemical properties than at the other localities. With the exception of Aril hue angle, all measured parameters had significant interaction effect regardless of locality (P<0.05). Total soluble solids content varied from 16.0–17.3 (°Brix), pH values from 2.7–3.0, titratable acid content varied from 1.3–1.7 and maturity index from 9.7–13.4. The anthocyanin, total phenols and antioxidant were in order of 772–1134 ; 1611–1834 and 12.57–14.84. Organic acids (Citric and Malic) showed differences while Acetic acid was not significant in all areas and organic sugar (fructose, Glucose and Sucrose) all had significant differences. It can also be concluded that changes in colour of peel and arils of pomegranate (cv. Wonderful) was mostly as a result of seasonal variation as well as growing area as evident by the interaction between both main factors.

Mots clés : Anthocyanin, Antioxidant, Aril colour, Chemical properties, Cultivar, Organic acids, Organic sugar, Peel colour, Physical properties, Pomegranate

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Page publiée le 4 septembre 2015, mise à jour le 27 mars 2020