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UKAID Department for International Development (R4D) 2000

Human and social capital’s role in natural resources management in Tanzania

Natural Resources Management Tanzania

UKAID Department for International Development (R4D)

Titre : Human and social capital’s role in natural resources management in Tanzania

Pays : Tanzanie

Projet de recherche pour le Développement : R7806

DFID Programme : Natural Resources Systems Programme

Organismes de mise en œuvre on prend tout et le titre en italique
Lead Institutes : Sokoine University of Agriculture
Managing Institutes : HTSPE Limited
Collaborating Institutes : Natural Resources Institute (NRI)

Durée : 01-09-2000 à 12-03-2001

Présentation
Tanzania’s semi-arid lands are characterised by environmental degradation and increasing poverty. Increases in human and livestock populations have led to soil erosion and land degradation, and hence to poor productivity and low carrying capacities. Despite erratic and poorly distributed rainfall, extension has for many years promoted cultural and husbandry practices which increase outputs. Emphasis on the availability of water has traditionally received little attention. During the dry season, domestic and livestock use in many semi-arid areas is dependent on ground water, and women spend several hours per day fetching water. Soil and water management have been recognised as key factors in increasing crop and livestock outputs in the semi-arid areas. Competition for scarce resources (eg : water, grazing, forest products) between and within different sets of resource users - pastoralists, agro-pastoralists, and smallholders, conservation, tourism and hunting interests - has already led to conflict. Within the changing social, economic and environmental context - much of it beyond local or even national control - innovative technical solutions have, however, largely failed to mitigate bio-physical factors such as low and unpredictable rainfall, declining soil fertility, etc, let alone address the complex and dynamic links between poverty and environmental degradation. While there have been many projects which have focussed on aspects of catchment management, either to seek increased productivity, or to address issues of degradation and promote sustainable agricultural practices, there has been no systematic evaluation of the respective human and social capital requirements, in the diverse practices associated with NR management and conservation. Similarly, there has been no systematic evaluation of the incentives and constraints on individuals to conserve resources, used either privately or in common, or of the social costs and benefits associated with the management of common pool resources. There is thus an outstanding need to develop a comprehensive understanding of current management practices for resources used both privately and in common, and to evaluate their impact on the sustainability of catchment resources as a whole. Specific understanding of the interactions between human and social capital and resource management practices, and the identification of researchable constraints, is a prerequisite to the development of new resource management strategies which will benefit - or not penalise - the livelihoods of the poor. Finally, if the identification of researchable constraints is to lead to the development of new approaches to NR management which benefit the poor, then target institutions need to be signed up, both to the identified developmental problem and to the project’s outputs. If structural, orientation and resource constraints can, and are to be overcome, then a strategy of engagement with target institutions will be required

Total Cost to DFID : £47,901

Présentation : UKAID

Page publiée le 17 octobre 2015, mise à jour le 28 octobre 2017