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2011

Early warning and forecasting systems to predict climate related drought vulnerability and risks in Africa DEWFORA

Afrique

Titre : DEWFORA Early warning and forecasting systems to predict climate related drought vulnerability and risks in Africa

Région : Africa

Numéro Projet : 265454

Date : 1st January 2011

Contexte

Drought is one of the major natural hazards in many parts of the world, including Africa and some regions in Europe, and drought events have resulted in extensive damage to livelihoods, environment and economy. Recent predictions on climate change suggest this situation may worsen, projecting an increased frequency and severity of drought in many areas. Effective drought risk management, including the provision of advance warning and the implementation of effective mitigation in response to drought, however, offers the potential to reduce the adverse impacts. Preparedness and education can increase resilience of affected societies, allowing them to cope better with drought and its impacts, and help break the disaster-response cycle.

Descriptif

The principal aim is to develop a framework for the provision of early warning and response through drought impact mitigation for Africa. This framework will cover the whole chain from monitoring and vulnerability assessment, to forecasting, warning, response and knowledge dissemination.

The project has been designed to achieve four key targets :
* Assessing existing capacities in Africa in terms of drought monitoring, forecasting and warning, enhancing drought monitoring methods through improved indicators, and understanding the relationship between drought hazard and vulnerability in the current climate and how this will change as a result of climate change.
* Improving performance of methods used for forecasting droughts in Africa by implementing state-of-the-art in (seasonal) meteorological, hydrological and agricultural forecasting.
* Improving early warning of droughts through appropriate thresholds for initiation of mitigation activities, and establishing strategies to increase resilience to drought at seasonal and longer time scales.
* Transferring knowledge to practitioners and building capacity in Africa to ensure that knowledge developed continues to be exploited beyond the project

Mots clés : Drought, forecasting, Early warning, indicators, mitigation, adaptation, hazard, climate change, Africa, preparedness, water resources

Partenaires : 19 partners from 12 countries and 2 from EU ; Deltares (NL) – Micha Werner Wetlands International – Sahelian Sub Regional Office (ML) - Bakary Kone ; UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education (NL) – Shreedhar Maskey ; Dinder Center for Environmental Research (SD) – Elfatih Eltahir ; European Centre for Medium-range Weather Forecasts (EU) – Florian Pappenberger ; IGAD Climate Prediction and Applications Centre (KE) – Gilbert Ouma ; Joint Research Centre (EU) – Paolo Barbosa Faculty of Engineering, University Eduardo Mondlane (MZ) – Nelson Matsinhe  ; Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (DE) – Fred Hattermann  ; Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (ZA) – Francois Engelbrecht  ; German Research Centre for Geosciences (DE) – Heiko Apel  ; WR Nyabeze & Associates (ZA) – Washy Nyabeze  : Universidad Politecnica de Madrid (SP) – Ana Iglesias ; Institut Agronomique et Vétérinaire Hassan II (MA) – Yasmina Imani  ; Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Zaragoza (SP) – Dunixi Gabiña  ; WaterNet Trust (BW) – David Love  ; Faculty of Engineering, University of Porto (PO) – Rodrigo Maia  ; Hydraulic Research Institute - Nile Basin Capacity Building  : Network for River Engineering (EG) - Amel Azab  ; Nile Forecast Center (EG) – Mohamed E. Elshamy

Cout total : 4,403,104 €

Financement Union Européenne : 3,490,000 €

Lien vers la présentation du projet

Page publiée le 3 septembre 2015, mise à jour le 23 septembre 2017