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Commission Européenne (CORDIS) 2003

MEDROPLAN Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning

Drought Preparedness Mitigation

Titre : MEDROPLAN Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning

Région : Méditerranée

Durée : 2003 – 2008

Contexte
Like other natural hazards, drought has both a natural and social component. The risk associated with drought for any region is a product of both the region’s exposure to the event and the vulnerability of society to the event. Vulnerability, on the other hand, is determined by social factors such as population changes, population shifts (regional and rural to urban), demographic characteristics, technology, government policies, environmental awareness, water use trends, social behaviour, level of water development and/or exploitation, and water availability in general. These factors change over time and thus vulnerability is likely to increase or decrease in response to these changes. Subsequent droughts in the same region will have different effects, even if they are identical in intensity, duration, and spatial characteristics, because societal characteristics evolve through time.
Drought is a natural hazard that differs from other hazards in that it has a slow onset, evolves over months or even years, affects a large spatial region, and causes little structural damage. Its onset and end, and the severity of drought are often difficult to determine. Like other hazards, the impacts of drought span economic, environmental, and social sectors and can be reduced through mitigation and preparedness. Because droughts are a normal part of climate variability for virtually all regions, it is important to develop plans to deal with these extended periods of water shortage in a timely, systematic manner as they evolve. To be effective, these plans must evaluate both a region’s exposure and vulnerability to the hazard and incorporate these elements into a drought preparedness plan that is dynamic, evolving with societal changes.
Droughts differ from one another in three essential characteristics : intensity, duration, and spatial coverage. Intensity refers to the degree of the precipitation shortfall and/or the severity of impacts associated with the shortfall. It is generally measured by the departure of some climatic index from normal and is closely linked to duration in the determination of impact. Another distinguishing feature of drought is its duration. Droughts also differ in terms of their spatial characteristics. Drought impacts are closely related not only to the magnitude of the event, but also the timing of the onset, duration, and spatial extent. The spatial and temporal characteristics of drought affect the planning and responses.

Objectifs >
The objectives of MEDROPLAN are to develop Guidelines for drought preparedness plans and to set up a Network for drought preparedness in Mediterranean countries.
The Guidelines provide an integrated approach to face droughts from a risk management perspective and therefore minimizing the impacts of drought in the population and resources. The final Guidelines will be translated into six languages.

Coordination : Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Zaragoza (CIHEAM-IAMZ), Spain ; Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (UPM), Spain

Partenaires : University of Cyprus, Cyprus ; National Technical University of Athens, Greece ; University of Catania, Italy ; Institut Agronomique et Vétérinaire Hasan II, Morocco ; UPM (Universidad Politecnica de Madrid, Spain). Department of Agricultural Economics and Social Sciences, Spain ; Canal de Isabel II. (Isabel II Canal). CYII, Spain ; Confederación Hidrográfica del Tajo (Tagus River Basin Authority). CHT, Spain ; Fundación Ecología y Desarrollo (ECODES), Spain ; The General Directorate of Dams and Large Hydraulic Works, Tunisia

Financement  : Union Européenne

Présentation : CORDIS

Page publiée le 3 octobre 2015, mise à jour le 31 octobre 2017