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UKAID Department for International Development (R4D) 2000

Understanding household coping strategies in semi-arid India

Household Coping India

UKAID Department for International Development (R4D)

Titre : Understanding household coping strategies in semi-arid India

Pays  : India

Projet de recherche pour le Développement : R7558

DFID Programme : Natural Resources Systems Programme

Organismes de mise en œuvre
Lead Institutes : Natural Resources Institute (NRI)
Managing Institutes : HTSPE Limited
Collaborating Institutes : Gujarat Institute of Development Research ; Seva Mandir ; Society for Promotion of Wastelands Development

Durée : 01-01-2000 à 30-05-2001

Présentation
India has the greatest concentration of rural poverty of any country in the world, primarily in semi-arid regions. There is growing evidence that the livelihood systems and long-held adaptive strategies of people in these regions are coming under increasing strain. In Gujarat poor people are obtaining declining levels of support from traditional social and family support systems, and from labour, tenancy and credit markets ; and in the Aravalli region of Rajasthan returns to traditional livelihood strategies are declining, especially for the most vulnerable groups. Poor people are becoming increasingly dependent on public action in coping with seasonal changes and drought ; and some livelihoods are recurrently vulnerable to food insecurity. Most drought-based public action in India is concerned with the prevention of starvation rather than the protection of livelihoods. Generally, government programmes need to place more emphasis on long-term development, and less on dealing with short-term crises. Understanding of poor people’s livelihood systems and coping strategies needs to be improved, to ensure that interventions (both short-term and long-term) by development agencies are selected and designed in ways that will enhance them. In the past, lack of understanding of such strategies has contributed to the creation of policies and programmes (eg : relating to common pool resources, forests and credit provision) that are largely irrelevant, or even detrimental, to poor people’s needs. In recent years, there has been growing interest in the ways poor prople adapt their livelihoods to short-term shocks and longer-term change, with a view to ensuring that interventions are compatible with, and build on, poor people’s successes. This project’s findings will provide a sound basis for the new approach.

Total Cost to DFID : £49,692

Présentation : UKAID

Page publiée le 18 octobre 2015, mise à jour le 28 octobre 2017