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UKAID Department for International Development (R4D) 1998

Cross-border analysis of policy impacts on community and household NR use, decision-making and poverty alleviation in southern African drylands

Poverty Alleviation Drylands

UKAID Department for International Development (R4D)

Titre : Cross-border analysis of policy impacts on community and household NR use, decision-making and poverty alleviation in southern African drylands

Projet de recherche pour le Développement : R7074CA

DFID Programme : Miscellaneous (Sustainable Agriculture)

Organismes de mise en œuvre

Lead Institutes : University of Sheffield
Managing Institutes : Rural Livelihoods Department, Department for International Development (UK) (RLD)
Collaborating Institutes : Agriculture Research Council, South Africa ; Botswana Institute of Development Policy Analysis ; Department of Environmental Affairs, Sustainable Development Management (South Africa) ; Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, University of the Witwatersrand ; Department of Geography, University of Salford ; Department of Geography, University of the North West ; Earth Observation Centre, Institute of Terrestrial Ecology ; Namibian Policy Research Unit and Social Sciences Division, University of Namibia ; Natural Resource Service, Botswana ; Operation Blanket ; Permaculture Trust of Botswana ; Social Sciences Division, University of Namibia

Durée : 01-05-1998 à 30-09-2001

Objectif
Policy and institutional requirements for effective, equitable and sustainable participatory management of natural resources in dryland areas adopted to inform provision for development strategies

Descriptif
The overall aim of the project is therefore to test the assertion that the imposition of wholly top-down policies adversely affects the ability of rural populations to cope with variable NR availability, whereas more focussed, smaller scale approaches promote effective NR use coping strategies that reduce susceptibility and dependency. Political boundaries transcend natural environmental regions ; the need directly to compare experiences and outcomes of existing policies in different countries, in order to gain understanding of best practice, is a key role researchers can play, improving dryland NR use. Country-level demand is evident from (eg) (1) actions in SA to consult widely over NR use and environment policy issues, eg : via CONNEPP ; (2) in Botswana through concerns at Ministry, District Officer and NGO levels over continued reliance on food aid in rural areas during on-drought periods ; (3) in Namibia over needs to develop equitable environmental and land reform policies. Internationally : (1) linkages recognised in the CCD between desertification and poverty, plus the need to utilise community expertise in better NR management, indicate the importance of the issues addressed in this research ; (2) the CCD specifically encourages collaborative research such as this ; (3) the Land Use and Land Cover Change (LUCC) Programme of IGBP-IHBP identifies the importance of detailed case studies of nature-society dynamics ; (4) the research proposed identifies clearly with the aims of the DFID White Paper (November 1997) which has refocussed international development initiatives towards policies which ,create sustainable livelihoods for poor people, promote human development and conserve the environment,.

Total Cost to DFID : £175,000

Présentation UKAID

Page publiée le 23 octobre 2015, mise à jour le 26 octobre 2017