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UKAID Department for International Development (R4D)1997

Rural domestic economy and female labour supply in Uzbekistan : assessing the feasibility of gender targetted micro-credit schemes

Rural domestic economy - Micro-credit

UKAID Department for International Development (R4D)

Titre : Rural domestic economy and female labour supply in Uzbekistan : assessing the feasibility of gender targetted micro-credit schemes

Pays : Uzbekistan

Projet de recherche pour le Développement : R6978

DFID Programme : Miscellaneous (Social and Political Change)

Organismes de mise en œuvre
Lead Institutes : School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), University of London

Durée : 01-10-1997 à 30-08-1999

Objectif  : To assess the feasibility of gender-targetted micro-credit schemes in Uzbekistan, by providing an in-depth investigation of the major determinants of women’s availability for alternative income generation activities

Descriptif
The process of transition to the market and agrarian reform in Uzbekistan, as elsewhere in the former Soviet Union, has been accompanied by rising unemployment, the erosion of social safety nets, and growing poverty. In Uzbekistan, which already had a large rural labour surplus population before the break-up of the Soviet Union, the agricultural sector has continued to act as a ,shock absorber,, leading to even higher levels of rural unemployment and underemployment. The creation of off-farm employment and the development of microfinance institutions to stimulate income generation activities, are some of the measures currently on the policy agenda. Women, who have suffered disproportionately from losses in employment and social services, are among those targetted by micro-credit initiatives. Situated in the fertile Ferghana valley, Andijan has a rural economy based on irrigated farming of cotton, rice, and a variety of fruits and vegetables. By contrast, Kashkadarya is a semi-arid region with serious water problems ; the household economy is mainly reliant on dry farming and animal husbandry. In both regions a major squeeze on rural livelihoods has resulted from the fact that collective enterprises have been in arrears of wages, and have tended to remunerate their workers in kind by providing basic necessities such as flour and cooking oil. This has increased pressures on households, both to conserve incomes by achieving high levels of self-provisioning, and to generate cash incomes by finding alternative sources of earnings. Whereas in the irrigated region this has produced an intensification of women’s labour in the busy agricultural season, through involvement in work on multiple plots, in the semi-arid region it has resulted in a loss of earnings and an increase in women’s unemployment. It was therefore partly with a view to uncovering these different dynamics that the regions in question were selected.

Total Cost to DFID : £19,605

Présentation : UKAID

Page publiée le 26 octobre 2015, mise à jour le 24 octobre 2017