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UKAID Department for International Development (R4D)1997

The production of silage from mixed drought resistant real and legume crops for milk production from cross-bred cows in the semi-arid region of Southern Africa

Silage Drought Cows Zimbabwe

UKAID Department for International Development (R4D)

Titre : The production of silage from mixed drought resistant real and legume crops for milk production from cross-bred cows in the semi-arid region of Southern Africa

Pays : Zimbabwe

Projet de recherche pour le Développement : R7010

DFID Programme : Livestock Production

Organismes de mise en œuvre
Lead Institutes : University of Zimbabwe (UZ)
Managing Institutes : Natural Resources International Limited (NRIL)
Collaborating Institutes : Matopos Research Station, Ministry of Agriculture, Department of Agricultural and Technical Services, Zimbabwe ; Natural Resources Institute (NRI) ; University of Zimbabwe (UZ)

Durée : 01-04-1997 à 30-03-2003

Objectif  : To determine the feasibility of production of sufficient mixed cereal-legume silage on the smallholder’s home field in the semi-arid region to sustain a commercial level of milk production from a small dairy herd through the dry season.

Descriptif
Livestock production in general, and smallholder dairying in particular, is constrained by lack of continuity in the supply of good quality feed, either as grazing or conserved forage, in the semi-arid region of Southern Africa. This in turn affects the overall viability of a production system (Saleem, 1982). The dry season (May to November) is the critical period when feed shortages are experienced because stocking pressure is generally such that rangelands support feed requirements during the wet season only, with little or none available tocarry over into the dry season. The most important constraint to ensilage as a means of forage conservation by smallholder farmers is the technology of ensilage. For ensilage to be successful, certain criteria have to be adhered to, especially the dry matter content, length of chop, degree of compaction and efficiency for sealing. Commercial dairy farmers in Zimbabwe have use of mechanised equipment to ensure successful ensilage. This is not the case on small holdings and therefore, for the production of high quality silage, it is as important to find appropriate technology for ensilage of crops on small holder dairy farms as it is to produce the optimum combination of crops. Some achievements in this field have been made in Zimbabwe in research trials, and on small holder farms in established diary co-operatives in high-potential areas. However, a formal study of appropriate technology for ensilage which is cost effective and acceptable to small holder dairy farmers is considered to be essential as part of this project

Total Cost to DFID : £75,470

Présentation : UKAID

Page publiée le 22 octobre 2015, mise à jour le 24 octobre 2017