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UKAID Department for International Development (R4D)1996

The use of environmental information systems in developing and improving malaria control strategies in Africa

Environmental Information - Malaria Control

UKAID Department for International Development (R4D)

Titre : The use of environmental information systems in developing and improving malaria control strategies in Africa

Pays/Région : Afrique

Projet de recherche pour le Développement : R6499

DFID Programme : Malaria Knowledge Programme

Organismes de mise en œuvre
Lead Institutes : Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine (LSTM)
Managing Institutes : Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine (LSTM)
Collaborating Institutes : Division of Vector-Borne Diseases, Kenya ; National Meteorological Services Agency, Ethiopia ; National Vector-Borne Disease Control Programme, Namibia ; Vector Control Division, Uganda

Durée : Start Date : 01-04-1996 End Date : 30-03-1999

Objectif
To develop new methods for stratifying malaria, based on seasonal variability in environmental parameters obtained from satellite imagery. The imagery will be obtained locally as a component of national environmental monitoring and information systems.
To develop a "Risk Mapping" approach to advise Malaria control staff of areas where epidemic potential is developing.

Descriptif
Malaria is one of the most serious public health problems in Africa. The burden of the disease falls mostly on the rural poor, especially pregnant women and the young, with estimates of between 1 and 2 million children dying annually. The global economic costs have been put at around US$1,700 million, per annum, at 1995 prices. The disease is on the increase, due in part to increasing drug and insecticide resistance, but also decreasing health infrastructure. Furthermore, environmental and demographic changes have resulted in dramatic inceases in transmisison in areas previously free of the disease. Reassessment of the global Malaria situation underaken at the Amsterdam Conference in 1992 led to the development of a pragmatic control strategy based on a Primary Health Care approach. Its aims are to : (a) reduce mortality and the negative social and economic consequences of the disease (b) prevent epidemics (c) protect malaria-free areas. Such a control strategy requires recognition of the underlying variability in the epidemiology of the disease, the potential for modification, availability of resources and the need to adapt Malaria control planning to local conditions in areas where there is a reasonable chance of success. New tools are urgently needed to assist health planners in adapting all available control techniques to suit their particular situation.

Total Cost to DFID : £248,850

Présentation : UKAID

Page publiée le 22 novembre 2015, mise à jour le 23 octobre 2017