Informations et ressources scientifiques
sur le développement des zones arides et semi-arides

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United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) 2009

USING INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES TO FACILITATE ARID LANDS RESEARCH, OUTREACH, AND DECISION SUPPORT

Arid Lands

United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Research, Education & Economics Information System (REEIS)

Titre : USING INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES TO FACILITATE ARID LANDS RESEARCH, OUTREACH, AND DECISION SUPPORT

Identification : ARZT-1257080-S12-194

Pays : Etats Unis

Durée : Jul 1, 2009 à Sep 30, 2013

Domaine : Communication, Education, and Information Delivery ; Desert and semidesert shrub land and shinnery ; Rangelands, Soil and land, general ; Watersheds

Partenaire : UNIVERSITY OF ARIZONA 888 N EUCLID AVE TUCSON,AZ 85719-4824

Objectifs
1)Engage with the research community, stakeholders, information intermediaries, and operational agencies to determine needs for information resources and decision support tools relevant to science-based management of resources in arid and semi-arid regions. 2)Research and development of information and analyses relevant to science-based management of resources in arid and semi-arid regions. 3)Employ advanced information technologies in the development of decision support tools and information resources, relevant to science-based management of resources in arid and semi-arid regions. 4)Develop web-based learning modules and other training materials to facilitate learning and decision making, relevant to science-based management of resources in arid and semi-arid regions

Descriptif
The first objective requires meaningful engagement and collaboration with the research community, stakeholders, information intermediaries, and operational agencies. Rather than simply asking what various stakeholder groups need, we work with other research groups in the context of their ongoing projects to determine what stakeholder groups do ; their expressed frustrations about information gaps, problems, and perceived research needs ; and what research can provide to address stakeholder frustrations. The second objective is contingent on the determined needs of stakeholders. In most cases, the specific approach is developed in collaboration with other researchers, and perhaps even stakeholders. For the third objective, we develop decision support tools from a user-centric perspective using an iterative, interdisciplinary, and interactive approach with significant continued stakeholder involvement. We also design the tools to facilitate efficient permanent maintenance and evolutionary development of the underlying system data and software. The fourth objective recognizes that stakeholders have different capabilities to access, interpret, and understand seasonal climate forecasts and supporting information. Related to both the third and fourth objectives, we conduct usability tests on our websites, webtools, and learning modules as a means to validate and refine user requirements. Each website, webtool, or learning module project includes significant auditing of usage as a means for better understanding use of the tools and information. Tracking online interactions provides the research community with a better understanding of user capabilities and a concrete basis for deepening dialogue with decision makers or partner researchers about requirements for additional products, information delivery, knowledge development, and decision support. To preserve confidentiality, we report requests made by users using techniques that dissociate other information from personal identification. The auditing will use questionnaire surveys, workshop and focus group discussions, or in-depth interviews, as appropriate for specific applications. Metrics of success include Diversity, which measures whether users encompass a broad range of sectors, different cultures, and economic levels ; Scalability and Transferability, which measure, respectively, whether work serves more users, or new users in other contexts ; and Recommendability and Linkability, which measure, respectively, the extent to which products are distributed by an intermediary, or integrated into external websites

Présentation : USDA

Page publiée le 2 décembre 2015, mise à jour le 7 novembre 2017