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UKAID Department for International Development (R4D) 2002

Urban livestock keeping in East Africa

Urban Livestock

UKAID Department for International Development (R4D)

Titre : Urban livestock keeping in East Africa

Pays : Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania

Projet de recherche pour le Développement : ZC0201

DFID Programme : Livestock Production

Organismes de mise en œuvre
Lead Institutes : Natural Resources International Limited (NRIL)
Managing Institutes : Natural Resources International Limited (NRIL)

Durée : Start Date : 01-02-2002 End Date : 31-12-2004

Descriptif
Data indicates that by 2025 80% of the world urban population will be in developing countries (UNCHS 1996). Rapid urbanization has not been accompanied by equitable economic growth and has resulted in increased urban poverty. As a result of this worsening of urban poverty, many low-income households suffer from extremely limited livelihood security. The urban poor engage in urban livestock keeping as a response to limited alternative livelihood options and food insecurity. This category of livestock keepers, lacking the control over and access to basic inputs, is seldom able to access support services and is either harassed or ignored by the city planners (Waters-Bayer, 1995). The aim of the scoping study was to understand the current situation of poor urban livestock keepers in East Africa, and identify areas where future research could make a contribution to the development and promotion of this activity. The main focus of the study was on poor livestock keepers.
Five city case studies were selected in Tanzania, Uganda, Kenya and Ethiopia. The cities were Dar es Salaam, Kampala, Kisumu, Nairobi, and Addis Ababa. Five local consultant teams were employed to conduct the case studies. Purposeful sampling targeting poor livestock keepers and a combination of questionnaires and stakeholder meetings were used to obtain the information required. Secondary information was used to supplement primary data.
The case studies reveal that urban livestock keeping benefits the poor and provides a way of diversifying livelihoods activities that are accessible to vulnerable groups. It also provides a source of locally produced food products for people living in the vicinity of the livestock keepers. However, there are various externalities (zoonoses, bye-laws, environmental contamination, food safety) which require addressing.

Présentation : UKAID

Page publiée le 26 novembre 2015, mise à jour le 30 octobre 2017