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United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) 2010


Crop Research Semi-Arid

United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Research, Education & Economics Information System (REEIS)


Identification : ND06389

Pays : Etats Unis

Durée : Oct 1, 2010 à Sep 30, 2015

Domaine : Plant Biological Efficiency and Abiotic Stresses Affecting Plants ; Plant Management Systems ; Durum wheat ; Barley ; Oilseed and oil crops, general/other ; Hard red winter wheat ; Grain crops, general/other ; Vegetables, general/other ; Hard red spring wheat ; Safflower ;


1. Evaluate crop and variety performance for adaptation to the semi-arid soil and environmental conditions of the MonDak Region and continue the collaborative development of winter wheat, durum and safflower varieties with Montana State University scientists. 2. Identify crop production practices that improve production input efficiency and identify sustainable management strategies that increase profitability. 3. Evaluate fruit, vegetable and flower varieties under cold climate conditions to identify superior variety performance and crop adaptation.

Experiments that compare variety performance within crops will be conducted each year on 1) traditional small grains, 2) pulse crops including lentil, field pea, chickpea, and dry bean, 3) oilseed crops including flax, soybean, sunflower, safflower, crambe, camelina and canola, 4) perennial forage including alfalfa and annual warm and cool season forage 5) other alternative crops and specialty crops that include buckwheat, grain millet, mustard, corn, fruits (including grapes), vegetables and flowers. Best management practice will be used. All trials will be machine planted. Variety performance research experiments at the Center and at off-station locations involving cereal grains, oilseed, and other alternative crops will be planted with appropriate equipment and seeding rates for that crop. Experiments will be statistically designed to minimize unaccountable variability. Lattice or rectangular lattice designs will be used whenever possible ; if not possible then randomized complete block designs will be used. Plot size will vary slightly, but generally planted plot size will be four feet wide by 15-20 feet long, with three or four replicates. Appropriate agronomic data will be collected on plant growth and development to include such characteristics as plant stand, emergence and heading date, plant height and disease tolerance. The entire plot will be machine harvested and grain yields and test weights will be calculated and kernel weight, seed protein or seed oil content and seed size will be determined when deemed appropriate. Quality samples will be collected as necessary. Row crop trials involving sunflower, corn, dry edible bean, and soybean will differ only in planting and harvesting techniques. Presently there are six off-station sites. Varieties of hard red spring wheat, durum, barley, oats, field pea, lentil, and flax. The data from all variety trials provide a base for specific variety information that will benefit producers in this MonDak region. Tours held at each of these sites allow area producers to view varieties under similar soil and climatic conditions. Fruit will be made available to vintners for wine making to determine wine quality characteristics. As a courtesy to seed suppliers, photos of the flowers are taken and sent to them for their files and use. Cultural practice studies will be conducted to provide answers to problems that arise on local, regional or state levels. Results will be published in professional journals, popular magazine articles, extension bulletins or pamphlets and WREC annual reports and online websites as appropriate. Variety comparison results also will be published in an annual tabloid report to producers entitled, "Agricultural Research Update" for the MonDak Region and on the WREC website. Results also are reported orally in field day presentations at the WREC, at off-station locations and at many extension type meetings It is important that the WREC maintain a regional approach to any agriculturally related problem. This takes a "team" effort on the part of the research staff at WREC, EARC, USDA-ARS at Sidney and NDSU and MSU and other research extension centers.

Présentation : USDA

Page publiée le 30 septembre 2015, mise à jour le 9 novembre 2017