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United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) 2013

ROTATIONAL DRYLAND CROPPING TO REDUCE FOSSIL FUEL INPUTS – SD

Dryland Cropping Fossil Fuel

United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Research, Education & Economics Information System (REEIS)

Titre : ROTATIONAL DRYLAND CROPPING TO REDUCE FOSSIL FUEL INPUTS – SD

Identification : SD00G368-10

Pays : Etats Unis

Durée : Sep 1, 2010 à Aug 31, 2013

Domaine : Soil, Plant, Water, Nutrient Relationships ; Animal Management Systems ; Plant Management Systems ; Weeds Affecting Plants ; Economics of Agricultural Production and Farm Management ; Swine, live animal ; Oilseed and oil crops, general/other ; Hard red winter wheat ; Soil ; Hard red spring wheat ;

Partenaire : SOUTH DAKOTA STATE UNIVERSITY PO BOX 2275A BROOKINGS,SD 57007

Objectifs
The goals of these integrated agronomic, livestock feedstuff utilization and marketing projects are 1) the transformation of cropping systems in the Northern Great Plains to enhance the sustainability of farm families and rural communities ; 2) increase in national food security, and 3) a reduction in dependence on fossil fuels. The addition of cover crops and emerging new oil seed crops will reduce biotic stress by interrupting weed, insect and disease cycles while improving soil health and water holding capacity. Fossils fuel consumption by agriculture will be reduced by nutrient cycling by cover crops, reduction in tillage operations, and reduced horse power requirements of tractors because of improved soil tilth. Purchased protein nutrition costs fluctuate greatly between years adding an unmanageable risk to livestock feeding operation and are the highest feed cost in livestock production systems. The use of farm raised high protein feedstuffs has the potential to increase the sustainability of livestock operations in the region by reducing costs and/or minimizing the impact of uncontrolled input price fluctuations. The interlinked projects within the proposal all have designed education deliverables through the cooperative extension services in the three states. Field-based extension personnel are cooperating with the researchers to gain firsthand experience with the crops and management systems to enhance their ability to educate farmers and agribusiness on the potential of alternative crops in the Northern Great Plains.

Descriptif
Nineteen scientists from the three states of Nebraska, North Dakota and South Dakota have combined forces to holistically develop the germplasm, crop management systems, crop utilization and marketing options of cover crops and alternative oil seed crops adapted to the agro-ecological environments of the Northern Great Plains. Collaboration among the scientists allows replication of research treatments across the geographic breadth of the Northern Great Plains. The addition of cover crops and emerging new oil seed crops will reduce biotic stress by interrupting weed, insect and disease cycles while improving soil health and water holding capacity. The interlinked projects within the proposal all have designed education deliverables through the cooperative extension services in the three states. Field-based extension personnel are cooperating with the researchers to gain firsthand experience with the crops and management systems to enhance their ability to educate farmers and agribusiness on the potential of alternative crops in the Northern Great Plains

Présentation : USDA

Page publiée le 11 octobre 2015, mise à jour le 9 novembre 2017