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United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) 2001

DRYLAND CROPPING PRACTICES

Dryland Cropping

United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Research, Education & Economics Information System (REEIS)

Titre : DRYLAND CROPPING PRACTICES

Identification : MONB00704

Pays : Etats Unis

Durée : Jul 1, 2001 à Sep 30, 2012

Mots clés : cropping systems fertilizer placement seed size seed weight dryland farming barley drilled seeding cultivars oats wheat plant embryos geographic information systems global positioning system precision farming air seeding seeds site characteristics hard wheat winter wheat spring wheat seedlings crop yields crop quality safflower durum wheat

Partenaire : MONTANA STATE UNIVERSITY BOZEMAN,MT 59717

Objectifs
To determine crop cultivars appropriate for dryland cropping systems and environments, and to assist in the development of superior germplasm for potential release as improved cultivars. To develop and participate in multi-disciplinary, collaborative and/or cooperative research efforts toward improved dryland cropping practices with other scientists in the Montana Agricultural Experiment Station, Extension Service and College of Agriculture. To evaluate differing seed and fertilizer placement configurations for dryland cropping systems and environments using the latest available plot-scale and field-scale air drill technology. To determine the effects of seed and embryo size relationships on seedling and mature plant performance with cereal grains grown under dryland cropping systems.

Descriptif
Cultivar performance will be evaluated under conditions specific to differing environments at selected locations within the north central Montana area. Computer-assisted mapping techniques will be utilized in selecting locations for off-station studies and extending application of resulting information to other similar environments. Wheat evaluations will include economic considerations on gross dollar return as affected by yield, protein, and market activity. Cooperative efforts will include co-investigative support directed toward integrated strategies for wheat stem sawfly management, manipulation of crop seed band width and population density for weed management, and site-specific crop management. The effects of cereal seed size will be evaluated as a component to seed and fertilizer placement research and variable rate technology investigations.

Présentation : USDA

Page publiée le 30 novembre 2015, mise à jour le 29 octobre 2017