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Accueil du site → Doctorat → Royaume-Uni → 2014 → Urban pattern and architecture of traditional Omani foothill settlements : al-Ḥamrā and Birkat al-Mawz

Nottingham Trent University (2014)

Urban pattern and architecture of traditional Omani foothill settlements : al-Ḥamrā and Birkat al-Mawz

Al-Abrī, H. N. S

Titre : Urban pattern and architecture of traditional Omani foothill settlements : al-Ḥamrā and Birkat al-Mawz.

Auteur : Al-Abrī, H. N. S.

Université de soutenance : Nottingham Trent University.

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 2014

Résumé
Outside of Yemen, Oman arguably contains the most significant, active vernacular heritage within the Arabian Peninsula. While some research exists on settlement pattern and architecture of large settlements on the plains (e.g., Manah, Nizwa, Bahla World Heritage Site and Ibra), little research has taken place on the nature of Omani foothill settlements. The thesis makes an important contribution to Oman studies by addressing this gap through the study of the urban pattern and architecture of two vernacular foothill settlements – Ḥarāt al- Ḥamrā and Ḥarāt as-Saybānī in Birkat al- Mawz in the Dākhliya (Interior) region of central Oman. The two oasis towns evolved during the Yaariba Imamate (mid-17th century CE onwards) and served the purpose of harnessing the tribal support of two important groups in the process of consolidation – the Abriyīn and the Banī Riyām. This thesis argues that the two settlements – new towns by Omani standards – were unique additions to Omani settlement hierarchy, introducing a new category in between the larger settlements of the plains and the small, dispersed settlement pattern of the Oman Mountains. The settlements have been studied by analysing their morphology, or how they were established and evolved over time shaped by the key factors of topography, geology and tribal movement.

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