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Accueil du site → Doctorat → Royaume-Uni → 1975-1984 → The political economy of rural energy in Kenya. An empirical investigation of the energy pattern and social relations of a rural community in Kenya , studied in a historical, cultural, political and economic context

University of Bradford (1983)

The political economy of rural energy in Kenya. An empirical investigation of the energy pattern and social relations of a rural community in Kenya , studied in a historical, cultural, political and economic context

Drohan, Michael

Titre : The political economy of rural energy in Kenya. An empirical investigation of the energy pattern and social relations of a rural community in Kenya , studied in a historical, cultural, political and economic context

Auteur : Drohan, Michael

Université de soutenance : University of Bradford

Grade  : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 1983

Descriptif
The structure of the thesis is such as to develop in a coherent fashion the different dimensions mentioned above of rural energy in Kenya. In the first chapter, the historical background to what is now called Kenya is traced in order to derive a picture of the present political economy of the area and how it evolved. In some respects this chapter makes original contributions to the historiography of Kenya, especially in regard to the events of the nineteenth century and the shape that colonialism took in Kenya. The particular people among whom the study of rural energy was carried out are the Akamba. In the second chapter, we look at who these people are and the particular historical experience that has helped to mould their present politico-economic condition. The third chapter represents part of the empirical findings of the energy survey. Here the processes described in general terms in the first two chapters are seen in action through the different structures and transactions in Kaumoni sub-location. Chapter four describes and attempts to interpret the energy pattern of Kaumoni while leaving aside any considerations of socio-economic differences existing between the people. In chapter five, however, the relationships between the energy pattern and socio-economic position is investigated with a view to gleaning a better insight into the nature of the rural energy system. 7---, Both chapters six and seven attempt to spell out the external influences that shape the pattern of rural energy. Because of being incorporated into the world economic system, the web of influences on the energy pattern becomes ever more complicated and spread out geographically. In these chapters some of these influences such as industrialization and the petroleum energy industry will be analysed from the point of view of their effect on the rural energy pattern. Lastly chapter eight looks at the technical and political-economic dimensions of various energy paths for Kenya. In general terms, the elements of a more rational use of energy is outlined and the prospects of its adoption analysed. In the interests of brevity, part of what was originally chapter one was relegated to appendix form and appears as Appendix 1. In it, the ideological nature of many of the constructs used to interpret the experience of Kenyan peoples of the interior are exposed. It also serves to deepen the under- standing of underdevelopment by showing the psychological disempowering of these people through concepts such as ’tribe’ and ’chief’. Appendices 7 and 8 outline respectively some of the technical research done by the author in the improvement of charcoal braziers and the political-economic dimensions of projects for their improvement. As a specific study on an area of rural energy, it reinforces some of the main findings of this thesis on rural energy.

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