Informations et ressources scientifiques
sur le développement des zones arides et semi-arides

Accueil du site → Doctorat → Autriche → Agroforestry as a tool for integrated land resources management : improving farmers’ livelihood, providing wood products and minimizing forest encroachment (Ethiopia)

Universität für Bodenkultur Wien (2010)

Agroforestry as a tool for integrated land resources management : improving farmers’ livelihood, providing wood products and minimizing forest encroachment (Ethiopia)

Duguma, Lalisa Alemayehu

Titre : Agroforestry as a tool for integrated land resources management : improving farmers’ livelihood, providing wood products and minimizing forest encroachment (Ethiopia)

Auteur : Duguma, Lalisa Alemayehu

Université de soutenance : Universität für Bodenkultur Wien

Grade : Dr. nat. techn. 2010

Résumé
Ethiopia’s forests are gradually declining both in spatial coverage and in quality. To minimize the depletion, measures such as legal protection of the forests and participatory forest management have been utilised. However, the outcome, i.e. in terms of reducing the forest depletion, is minimal. Though agroforestry could help to minimize the problem, it gained less attention among the rural practitioners. Hence, the various benefits and products the practices generate for the community are not addressed. This study explored the role of agroforestry practices for improving rural livelihood while minimizing deforestation. It assessed the financial, social, ecological, and soil amelioration values of agroforestry practices in comparison to the predominantly practiced cereal farms. Data were collected by using interview, questionnaire survey, and direct measurement. A participatory approach was used to evaluate the social and ecological values of the land uses. Agroforestry practices had exceedingly high financial returns, which minimize the financial constraints of the farm households. The practices were strongly preferred for the social and ecological values they provide. Moreover, they had significant positive effects on soil chemical properties ; especially organic carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium were drastically higher under agroforestry practices compared to other land uses. The study also demonstrated that agroforestry practices have a strong potential for providing forest products for the farming households if the available land is efficiently utilized. Producing forest products within the farms minimizes the pressure on the remnant forests. Hence, expanding these practices has a crucial implication for the management of the nearby forest

Mots clés : Agroforstwirtschaft / Lebensunterhalt / Waldabbau / Einkommen / soziale und ökologische Werte — Agroforestry / livelihood / forest encroachment / income / social and ecological value

Présentation (österreichischen Bibliothekenverbundes)

Page publiée le 2 décembre 2015, mise à jour le 13 mars 2019