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Universität für Bodenkultur Wien (2015)

Urban expansion and peri-urban land tenure security in Ethiopia : cases of Bahir Dar and Debre Markos

Agegnehu Sayeh Kassaw

Titre : Urban expansion and peri-urban land tenure security in Ethiopia : cases of Bahir Dar and Debre Markos

Auteur : Agegnehu Sayeh Kassaw

Université de soutenance : Universität für Bodenkultur Wien

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 2015

Résumé
In this study, analysis of three inter-related issues in peri-urban areas of Amhara National Regional State of Ethiopia has been made, taking Bahir Dar and Debre Markos as case studies. These are the assessment of the extent of urban expansion and peri-urban land tenure security, expropriation and compensation practices, and peri-urban land tenure conflicts and their resolution systems. The main purpose of the study is to assess land tenure security situation in peri-urban areas and to recommend strategies for securing peri-urban land tenure. As the assessment of urban expansion and peri-urban land tenure security is multi-disciplinary in nature, a variety of qualitative and quantitative data generating and analyzing methods are employed in the study. Time series LANDSAT data show that both cities are expanding at high rates. Even, the trend of the expansion is increasing from time to time. As observed in Bahir Dar, the rate of expansion was highest during the last decade. While cities are expanding rapidly, the formalizing of land rights in the study peri-urban areas is stalled. The registration practice was launched at the same time with the rural areas but interrupted without proceeding to further processes that lead to certification. For some farmers even the registration process was not launched. Consequently, there are variations in land tenure security feelings with certified farmers exhibiting better sense of tenure security compared to non-certified ones. This lack of formalization peri-urban land rights has also reduced their motivation to undertake land-related investments. The study also showed that the current compensation payment is inadequate. This has created influence on the tenure security feeling of peri-urban dwellers, besides its impact on their livelihood. In addition, currently, expropriation practices are not participatory. Making expropriation practices participatory is essential to consider the ideas of farmers and to understand the feelings and aspirations of the farmers which in turn provide insights for proper implementation of expropriation and compensation practices. Besides, during compensation payment strong support and guidance to farmers by preparing alternative livelihood strategies is of paramount importance. This study also assessed the extent of land tenure conflicts and analyzed the use of land tenure conflict resolution mechanisms in a comparison of rural and peri-urban areas to determine the most effective dispute resolution mechanism. Results showed that the incidence of land tenure conflicts is higher in peri-urban areas compared to rural areas. Mediation played a significant role in resolving symmetrical land tenure conflicts both in peri-urban and rural areas. While some structural solutions are possible, the investigation also verified that cultural capital is very important in resolving land tenure conflicts

Mots clés : Enteignung und Kompensation / Landkonflikte / Sicherheit von Besitzverhältnissen / Stadtnahe Bereiche / Städtische Erweiterung — Expropriation and compensation / land conflicts / land tenure security / Peri-urban / urban expansion

Présentation (österreichischen Bibliothekenverbundes)

Page publiée le 27 novembre 2015, mise à jour le 13 mars 2019