Informations et ressources scientifiques
sur le développement des zones arides et semi-arides

Accueil du site → Master → Canada → Adaptation to Drought in Rural Saskatchewan : A case study of Kindersley and Maidstone, Sakatchewans

University of Saskatchewan (2013)

Adaptation to Drought in Rural Saskatchewan : A case study of Kindersley and Maidstone, Sakatchewans

Abbasi, Saima

Titre : Adaptation to Drought in Rural Saskatchewan : A case study of Kindersley and Maidstone, Sakatchewans

Auteur : Abbasi, Saima

Université de soutenance : University of Saskatchewan

Grade : Master of Environment and Sustainability (M.E.S.) 2013

Résumé
The main aim of this thesis is to gain knowledge of the processes of adaptation that have enabled communities and agricultural producers to function in a relatively dry and drought prone region of Saskatchewan. This investigation was limited to two rural communities – Kindersley and Maidstone. Historically, vulnerability to natural hazards has been considered only a physical phenomenon. As a result, the social characteristic of a place\system, which contribute to vulnerability to natural hazards, are not well studied. This study used both secondary (quantitative in nature) and primary (qualitative in nature) methods to understand exposure, sensitivity and adaption to droughts in two study communities. Quantitative method included estimating drought condition from time series data for both communities. Intensity of the drought was based on Palmer Drought Severity index and Standard Precipitation Index. Given this background, qualitative techniques (semi-structured interviews and participation observations) were employed to explore the sensitivity and adaptation to droughts in the two communities. The results indicated that drought had caused significant economic hardships for farmers and ranchers during the 2001- 2003 period. Crop yield declined more than 50% of normal level for some crops during this period. Producers had undertaken some adaptive actions to counteract the adverse effect of the drought. These included changing their farming practices — intensive tillage to minimum or zero tillage, diversification in terms of types of crops grown, off-farm employment, and participation in business risk management programs. Respondents reported that drought was not the sole cause of their vulnerability. Social factors such as changing government policies, reduced profit margins, insufficient business risk management programs, and international markets shaped their vulnerability to climate-related natural hazards. The study found a strong sense of alienation between respondents and federal government agencies. The combination of economic stress, inadequate government risk management programming translates into a very narrow window of sustainability for producers should they face a severe multi-year drought in the future.

Mots clés : Drought, Vulnerability, Adaptive Capacity, Climate Change

Présentation

Version intégrale (1,86 Mb)

Page publiée le 24 janvier 2016, mise à jour le 20 janvier 2018