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Rhodes University (2014)

Water security amongst impoverished households in the Sundays River Valley Municipality : community experiences and perspectives

Molony, Lara

Titre : Water security amongst impoverished households in the Sundays River Valley Municipality : community experiences and perspectives

Auteur : Molony, Lara

Université de soutenance : Rhodes University

Grade : Master of Social Science 2014

Résumé
Water security is influenced by the complex interplay between ecological, socio-political, governance and water management systems. Achieving water security is essential for ensuring sustainable development, and challenges with water security are closely linked to the overall experience of poverty that many countries throughout the world, including South Africa, confront. These problems can broadly be understood through three main factors : water availability, access and usage ; water governance and management underpin these factors. Water insecurity can often be seen in townships within South Africa, where water service delivery and water access is precarious. This study provides a lens into the water security experiences of two poor township communities in the Sundays River Valley Municipality (SRVM) namely Nomathamsanqa in Addo and Aquapark in Kirkwood. The research assessed water security patterns amongst RDP, township and informal settlement households serviced by the SRVM and found that communities face severe water security problems. Specifically, it was found that all township households encounter frequent water shortages, cuts in municipal water supply and water quality concerns. Issues around the payment for water and dissatisfaction with water service delivery also emerged. The purpose of this research was to allow for community experiences and perspectives to be expressed in an academic space that has previously been dominated by water management and policy makers. The study concludes that these communities within the SRVM experience significant challenges in securing safe water and these are largely due to social water scarcity issues and the difficulties the municipality faces concerning water service delivery.

Mots Clés : Water security — South Africa — Sundays River (Eastern Cape) — Poor —Water-supply – Management —Water consumption — South Africa — Water quality management — Municipal services — Water quality — Municipal water supply — Political ecology

Présentation (SEALS)

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Page publiée le 20 décembre 2015, mise à jour le 25 juin 2017