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Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (2013)

Comparação dos níveis de privações entre agricultores familiares no semiárido norte-mineiro frente aos programas de convivência e do microcrédito produtivo rural

Carneiro Filho, João

Titre : Comparação dos níveis de privações entre agricultores familiares no semiárido norte-mineiro frente aos programas de convivência e do microcrédito produtivo rural

Auteur : Carneiro Filho, João

Université de soutenance : Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul.

Grade : Doutor em Desenvolvimento Rural 2013

Contexte
The study attempts to investigate what are the sources of deprivations that prevent the expansion of the freedoms of family farmers in the semiarid of northern Minas Gerais and whether the presence of the Rural Productive Microcredit (Agroamigo) and of the Training and Mobilization Programs for Coexistence with Semiarid Conditions : One Million Rural Cisterns (P1MC/P1 +2) has some efficacy in reducing the levels of deprivation of these farmers. The central hypothesis guiding the itinerary of this paper tries to confirm that policies and programs for the semiarid region of the northern Minas Gerais, even when conjoined, are insufficient to cause major positive effects on family farming. What is also observed is the lack, on the part of the farmers, of a contextualized training for living in the semiarid through the adoption of appropriate technologies and strategies for coping with drought. The study demanded as theoretical supports the critical thinking of the semiarid and the capabilities approach in order to explain the reality of the empirical basis. Therefore, 92 samples were collected in six rural communities in the municipality of Januária / MG, whose data were operationalized and subsequently analyzed using the capabilities approach. The construction of the Index of Freedom of the Family Farmer in the semiarid northern Minas Gerais (ILAFSAM) supported measuring the levels of deprivation identified in the groups of each instrumental freedom. The results revealed a very low (0.387) ILAF-SAM for the freedom "Contextualized training and coexistence with the semiarid northern Minas Gerais", characterizing an extremely high level of deprivation of freedom for farmers to live with the phenomenon of drought. Social opportunities (ILAF-SAM = 0.599), the economic possibilities (ILAF-SAM = 0.598), protective security (ILAF = 0.502) and guarantees of transparency (ILAF-SAM = 0.640), along with the previous one, composed the main sources of deprivation that curtail farmers from extending their freedoms.We also observed weak connections between these programs for living with the semiarid and the Rural Productive Microcredit with the aim of reducing the sources of deprivations for family farmers.Even so, the results in some isolated variables were relevant in order to complement this study and open new perspectives for research in the semiarid northern Minas Gerais.

Mots clés  : Agricultura familiar Crédito rural Microcrédito Minas Gerais

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