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Accueil du site → Doctorat → Brésil → O impacto psicossocial das secas em agricultores familiares do Rio Grande do Sul : um estudo na perspectiva da psicologia dos desastres

Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (2012)

O impacto psicossocial das secas em agricultores familiares do Rio Grande do Sul : um estudo na perspectiva da psicologia dos desastres

Favero, Eveline

Titre : O impacto psicossocial das secas em agricultores familiares do Rio Grande do Sul : um estudo na perspectiva da psicologia dos desastres

Auteur : Favero, Eveline

Université de soutenance : Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul

Grade : Doutora em Psicologia 2012

Résumé
This work investigated, through two studies, the drought and its psychosocial implications for families of farmers in the northwest region of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. In the qualitative study, semi-structured interviews were conducted with seven participating farmers of both sexes, aged 33-51 years (M = 42, SD = 5.22). The goal was to understand how the loss of resources triggered by droughts influences family well-being. It was found that droughts affect family survival resources and has psychological implications for this population, such as uncertainty about the future, hopelessness and sadness. The use of active coping through personal resources and informal social support is prevalent. Public policies could help to reduce the time of exposure to stress caused by the disaster, and consequently, improve the levels of health and well-being in this population. In the second study, 198 farmers participated, aged 18-77 years (M = 44.38, SD = 10.04) ; 104 (52.5%) men and 88 (44.4%) women. The objective was to evaluate the relationship between the degree of impact of drought upon the family and the variables of world assumptions, social support, general health and perception of the disaster. The participants answered a questionnaire (beyond the World Assumptions Scale (WAS), Social Support Appraisals (SSA) and the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) instruments) comprised of items related to the psychosocial impacts of droughts and the perception of the disaster. The groups of high and medium impact had more negative perceptions of the disaster, with regard to its consequences on well-being, than had the low impact group. They also perceived themselves as more accountable for it. Moreover, these groups had lower mean belief in justice, controllability and randomness of events. Regarding social support, those in the high- and medium-impact groups perceived themselves to be more supported by the primary groups (family, friends, neighbors, community) ; while those in the low-impact group perceived themselves to be more supported by secondary groups (government, agricultural technicians, religious groups). Additionally, there existed a decreased perception of health in the high-impact group, related to the following dimensions : Depression, self-efficacy and self-esteem. The work contributes to the understanding of the relationship between drought and well-being among farmers ; as well as to discussions within the psychology of disasters in the Brazilian context.

Mots clés  : Apoio social Aspectos psicossociais Desastres naturais Enfrentamento

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