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Universidade Federal da Bahia (2012)

A percepção de agricultores familiares e formuladores de políticas – o reúso da água no semiárido baiano

Schaer – Barbosa, Martha

Titre : A percepção de agricultores familiares e formuladores de políticas – o reúso da água no semiárido baiano

Auteur : Schaer – Barbosa, Martha

Université de soutenance : Universidade Federal da Bahia

Grade : Doutourado 2012

Résumé
This Doctoral Thesis intends to comparatively analyze how the perceptions of family farmers and water resources policy makers of agricultural water reuse influence policy implementation in the Semi-Arid Region of Bahia. The research site was a small municipality of Bahia’s Semi-Arid, São Domingos, where some other water reuse academic projects have been carried out. The research tools used were semi-structured interviews with both groups of stakeholders and a structured survey just with the family farmers. Through subjective and objective information, the main reasons for accepting or rejecting wastewater reuse as a practice were identified for better understanding. The obtained results partially confirmed the initial hypothesis, indicating that cultural based perceptions are an important factor : being either the spontaneous repulsive response, known as the “yuk” factor, or the belief that this practice poses a health risk. But the results also point these as obstacles that can be conquered. Economic factors, on the other hand, demonstrated to be the most difficult problems to overcome. Nevertheless, the social importance of family agriculture to this region justifies the efforts to build the necessary institutional infra-structure to accomplish the implementation of wastewater reuse policy.

Mots clés  : reúso de água ; percepção social ; Semiárido ; water reuse ;s ocial perception ; Semi-Arid

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Page publiée le 8 décembre 2015, mise à jour le 21 juillet 2017