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Universidade Federal do Ceará (2013)

APICULTURA COMO FATOR DE DESENVOLVIMENTO REGIONAL SUSTENTÁVEL : um estudo comparativo entre práticas extrativista e de manejo racional realizadas em comunidades da Serra de Salitre-C

FREITAS BARROS FRANCISCA AURILENE DE

Titre : APICULTURA COMO FATOR DE DESENVOLVIMENTO REGIONAL SUSTENTÁVEL : um estudo comparativo entre práticas extrativista e de manejo racional realizadas em comunidades da Serra de Salitre-C

Auteur : FREITAS BARROS FRANCISCA AURILENE DE

Université de soutenance : Universidade Federal do Ceará

Grade : Mestre em Desenvolvimento Regional Sustentável. 2013

Résumé
In the Brazilian Northeast semi-arid, beekeeping is presented as an alternative to operating self-sustaining natural resources, with great potential for reclamation. However, it is necessary to be managed rationally. This study aimed to draw a comparison between the technique of rational beekeeping used by the communities of Serra de Salitre 1, and the extractive management of Quilombola community of Serra de Salitre 2, located in the district of Salitre - Ce. For this study, visits were made in each community. During the visits, the procedures observed were location, capture and evaluation of swarms growth, the preparation to harvesting, extracting and bottling of honey. Besides these aspects, they were observed, in Salitre 1 communities, the type and location of apiaries and the hives management. It was also performed, in the two studied areas, interviews addressing socioeconomic and environmental aspects. Through the results, it was concluded that the rational beekeeping, Serra do Salitre 1, managed to link the social, economic and environmental aspects, generating employment, income and food for families, without neglecting environmental issues. Thus, it inserts the communities in the context of sustainability. Regarding Apis extraction of Serra dos Chagas (Salitre 2), it was found that meleirosâs knowledge is entirely empirical, acquired through their grandparents and parents and their own field experience. They donât have any knowledge in biology of bees and their importance to the real environment and the development of the region. Based on the results, it was concluded that the rational beekeeping should be encouraged in the Quilombola community through education programs for the socioeconomic and environmental sustainability of the region and training of meleiros for beekeeping. It is also essential that public policies be implemented that allow technology transfer management to replace the extractive beekeeping.

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Page publiée le 29 décembre 2015, mise à jour le 12 mars 2019