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UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DO CEARA (2013)

A ETNOPEDOLOGIA E O OLHAR TRANSDISCIPLINAR SOBRE O PAPEL DA CIÊNCIA DO SOLO PARA O DESENVOLVIMENTO RURAL DO SEMIÁRIDO BRASILEIRO

Marinho, Jefferson Roberto de Oliveira

Titre : A ETNOPEDOLOGIA E O OLHAR TRANSDISCIPLINAR SOBRE O PAPEL DA CIÊNCIA DO SOLO PARA O DESENVOLVIMENTO RURAL DO SEMIÁRIDO BRASILEIRO

The etnopedologia and transdisciplinary look on the role of soil science for rural development in the Brazilian semiarid

Auteur : Marinho, Jefferson Roberto de Oliveira

Université de soutenance : UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DO CEARA

Grade : Mestre em Desenvolvimento e Meio Ambiente 2013

Résumé
The effectiveness of policies to combat desertification and coexistence with the semiarid requires constant participation of social actors involved in the issue (PAE-CE, 2010). Without the participation of the social actors directly or indirectly affected by the effects of drought, there is no possibility of success of measures to combat desertification. This participation should occur at various levels, from policy formulation to implementation. Projects constructed in a participatory manner can give on several fronts. This study emphasizes the potential of participatory methodology ethnopedology as lifting soil. This interdisciplinary field provides an appropriate methodology for mapping of soils in areas occupied by rural communities, highlighting the refined knowledge that farmers have on the land on which they depend for their livelihood. This paper conducts soil surveys that part of the dialogue between the scientific knowledge consolidated by soil science and those belonging to members of the Settlement Angicos. Therefore, we used it to ethnographic surveys, which, through interviews, participant observation, expeditions to cultivated areas, allowed the elaboration of maps with visualization of soil settlement. The farmers Angicos have their own system of land classification, which are classified as follows : â Barro vermelho / Croa â Barro Branco â Areiusco â Massapà Among the types of land mentioned, the most important agricultural point of view are Areiusco and red clay, where they are produced, respectively, beans and corn. Knowledge of soils Angicos settlement by farmers who live there are closely linked to economic structuring this community, so there is a co-evolution between humans and the landscape, affecting forms of socio-spatial organization, the central theme of this report

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