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UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DO CEARÁ (2013)

Identification of cyanobacteria producing saxitoxins reservoir multipurpose semiário in Ceará

Lopes, Ismael Keslley Carloto

Titre :

Identificação de cianobactérias produtoras de saxitoxinas em reservatório de usos múltiplos no semiário cearense

Auteur : Lopes, Ismael Keslley Carloto

Université de soutenance : Universidade Federal do Ceara

Grade : Mestrado em Engenharia Civil : Saneamento Ambiental 2013

Résumé
In Brazilian semi-arid Northeast region due to irregular rainfall regime, climatic and soil characteristics, the main source of human water supply has been artificial surface reservoirs. Disorderly occupation and exploitation of natural resources on those hydrographic basins, alongside high evaporation and solar radiation, promote negative impact on stored water quality. As a consequence, the reservoirs present themselves in a process of accelerated eutrophication, often leading to phytoplankton blooms, predominantly dominated by Cyanobacteria. Due to many of these organisms are toxin-producing, which can cause a sort of problems to the population, it was decided to monitor the phytoplankton community of a multipurpose reservoir, located in the municipality of Caucaia-CE, from January 2010 to June 2011, as well as investigate the production of toxins by the dominant organisms. We identified 41 taxa, 19 of cyanobacteria and 22 of algae. Despite the predominance of algae over the identified taxa, they accounted for less than 10% of the quantified organisms, except for one sample. However cyanobacteria were present in all samples, quantitatively dominating the aquatic environment. Among the group of cyanobacteria, excelled Planktothrix agardhii (PA) and Cylindrospermosis raciborskii (CR). PA abundance along all sampling period ranged from 0 to 5.83x105 cells.mL-1 , which accounted for 94% of the total phytoplankton abundance. The average density of PA was 7.54.104 cells.mL-1 . The CR abundance in the same period ranged from 0 to 3.32x104 cells.mL-1 , accounting for 18,9% of total phytoplankton community. The average abundance of CR was 8.21.103 cells.mL-1. The dominant species were isolated and carrying out mice bioassay , ELISA and HPLC analysis, we observed the production of STX and dc-STX by CR and dc-GTX by PA. This issue highlights the need for the implementation of integrated actions from environmental agencies, water resources management and sanitation State companies towards the prevention and remediation of the degradation of water quality, acting in the expansion of sanitation, environmental education, oversighting of the use and occupation of the watershed lands, but mainly in the control of aquaculture activities in the hydraulic basin, which occur in a super intensive way

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