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UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DO CEARÁ (2013)

O USO DE PRÁTICAS AMIGÁVEIS AOS POLINIZADORES E A RENTABILIDADE DA CAJUCULTURA NORDESTIN

Maia, Ana Cristina Nogueira

Titre : O USO DE PRÁTICAS AMIGÁVEIS AOS POLINIZADORES E A RENTABILIDADE DA CAJUCULTURA NORDESTIN

The use of pollinator-friendly practices and profitability of cashew culture nordestina

Auteur : Maia, Ana Cristina Nogueira

Université de soutenance : UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DO CEARÁ

Grade : Mestre em Economia Rural 2013

Résumé
Pollinator-friendly practices consist of actions that favor the attraction and permanence of pollinators in plantation areas, and consequently contribute to the development of cultures. In the context of semi-arid, where the mishandling of natural resources in the practice of agriculture has provoked environmental harm and loss of agricultural productivity in large expanses of land, those practices are seen as an additional alternative in reducing risks to native species, which justifies the realization of exploratory studies on the theme. In this perspective, this research has as main objective analyze the relationship between the use of pollinator-friendly practices and profitability of cashew culture Northeastern. The clipping was taken to cashew production in the states of Ceará, Piauí and Rio Grande do Norte. Were applied 162 questionnaires together cashew planters. The collected data were tabulated and quantitative analysis was made with the aid of descriptive statistics, construction aggregate index of adoption of practices friendly to pollinators, cluster analysis, profitability analysis of cashew culture, correlation analysis and regression analysis. The main results indicate that the majority of producers has low education and does not perform a proper handling of the orchard. Consequently, it can not get bigger gains from cashew culture, a fact observed by low average monthly income. Confirmed the presence of pollinator-friendly practices in cashew production of the three states surveyed, but to a small degree. Planters Cashew perceive the positive impacts of using such practices, but employ unconsciously, without the goal of direct benefit pollinators. The cashew culture northeastern showed to be profitable, but as adopting friendly practices is very low among growers of cashews was not observed a significant contribution between this variable and profitability. The results showed, however, that higher levels of adoption of practices friendly to pollinators can improve the profitability of cashew culture Northeastern, which allows inferences about the positive value of pollination to the activity and the importance of implementing these procedures in northeastern cashew culture.

Mots clés  : Práticas amigáveis aos polinizadores. Polinizadores. Caju. Rentabilidade — Practices friendly to pollinators. Pollinators. Cashew. Profitability.

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Page publiée le 29 décembre 2015, mise à jour le 12 mars 2019