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Accueil du site → Doctorat → Allemagne → 2008 → Rural livelihood, land management and biodiversity : Community Participation for Biodiversity Conservation. The case of Kakamega Forest in Western Kenya

Technische Universität Dortmund (2008)

Rural livelihood, land management and biodiversity : Community Participation for Biodiversity Conservation. The case of Kakamega Forest in Western Kenya

Kenea, Wondimu

Titre : Rural livelihood, land management and biodiversity : Community Participation for Biodiversity Conservation. The case of Kakamega Forest in Western Kenya

Auteur : Kenea, Wondimu

Université de soutenance : Technische Universität Dortmund

Grade : Dr. rer. pol. (Doctor rerum politicarum) 2008

Résumé
Rural households often depend heavily on natural resources and transform them for meeting their needs for food and income. This transformation process is often amplified by the presence of such other factors as rapid population growth, poverty, and lack of appropriate resource-management plans and enforcement mechanisms. In Kakamega Forest in Western Kenya, this has led to a devastating destruction of biodiversity. The biodiversity in Kakamega Forest is under serious threat. The human population surrounding the forest is increasing rapidly and the forest has suffered much destruction from encroachment, and over-exploitation of forest resources. The poverty level in the district is also high and on the increase. Poor households that live near the forest earn their living by using ―free‖ resources from the forest. Furthermore, the institutional arrangements that could have assisted in better management of the forest and the institutional support that could have enhanced the livelihood options and capabilities of these households are either missing or inadequate. Therefore, these unsustainable uses of the forest have resulted in degradation and have threatened its biodiversity. Since rural livelihoods in the area are mainly based on land, land management is vital for harmonising the often-conflicting interests of economic and social development with the maintenance and enhancement of biological resources. Appropriate land management, involving sustainable use, equitable access and ownership, and spatial linkages and adequate service provision, will enable that these conflicting interests be met simultaneously in a win-win scenario, with the participation of all stakeholders, particularly the local communities. Using data collected from primary and secondary sources, this study came to the conclusion, among others, that such aspects of current land management as use, access, ownership, and spatial linkages work against rural household livelihood in the area. Biodiversity cannot be secured in an insecure livelihood system, and the security of biodiversity depends on the security of household livelihoods. This study recommends three main approaches towards the sustainable conservation of biodiversity in Kakamega Forest. These involve measures likely to lead to improved agricultural productivity, the promotion of diversified rural livelihood options, and the enhancement of spatial linkages and regional development through improved land management initiatives that involve collective action by the communities living near the forest.

Mots clés  : Land management Rural livelihood Community participation Biodiversity conservation Spatial linkages Regional development — Landnutzung Bürgerbeteiligung Biodiversität Raumentwicklung Kenia

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