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UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DO CEARÁ (2015)

Capacidade adaptativa das comunidades nas áreas susceptíveis à desertificação no Estado do Ceará

Ansu Mancal

Titre : Capacidade adaptativa das comunidades nas áreas susceptíveis à desertificação no Estado do Ceará

Adaptive capacity of communities in the areas susceptible to desertification in State of Ceara

Auteur : Ansu Mancal

Université de soutenance : UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DO CEARÁ

Grade : Mestrado Acadêmico em Economia Rural 2015

Résumé
The search for improvements rooted in the skills and resources of the direct beneficiaries is a strategic tool for development given level of commitment, independence and the local empowerment, especially in regions where people face serious problems such as drought. Being a recurring phenomenon of high economic and social impacts and wide geographic coverage in the State of CearÃ, it becomes a challenge both political and academic to find solutions to mitigate the damage and increase the capacity to take benefit from the opportunities that arise ; revealing the need to understand how people exposed to this phenomenon adapt to live as best as possible within the constraints in terms of available resources, in other words, understand the Adaptive Capacity of people exposed to this situation. Thus, the objective of this work was to investigate the Adaptive Capacity level of rural communities inserted in the Areas Susceptible to Desertification (ASDs) of State of CearÃ. The Adaptive Capacity Index (ICA) resulted from the aggregation of four capitals (Social, Human, Natural and Economic) weighted according to their importance defined by the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) based on the results of the Delphi methodology. Between the four capitals that constitute the Adaptive Capacity of rural communities in relation to droughts in the ASDs of the State of CearÃ, the Social Capital is the best that communities have and Human Capital is the weakest component. It is concluded that the rural communities of ASDs of the State of Cearà have an average level of Adaptive Capacity in relation to droughts and Human Capital is the most critical determinant of it

Mots clés  : Capacidade Adaptativa ; Secas ; Comunidades Rurais ; Estado do Ceara ; Areas SusceptÃveis à Desertificao ; Adaptive Capacity. Droughts. Rural Communities. State of CearÃ. Areas Susceptible to Desertification

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Page publiée le 25 décembre 2015, mise à jour le 12 mars 2019