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Universidade de Sao Polo (2011)

Dinâmica da água e dos nutrientes no sistema de produção integrado gerado pela dessalinização da água de poço do semiárido brasileiro

Castro Vasconcellos Eduardo Ballespi de

Titre : Dinâmica da água e dos nutrientes no sistema de produção integrado gerado pela dessalinização da água de poço do semiárido brasileiro

Dynamics of water and nutrients in the integrated production system generated by desalination of ground water from Brazilian semiarid

Auteur : Castro Vasconcellos Eduardo Ballespi de

Université de soutenance : Universidade de Sao Polo

Grade : Mestre em Ciencias 2011

Résumé
Isotopic, physical and chemical analysis were performed in water, soil and plants of the \" Integrated Production System Using Wastewater Desalination \", created Embrapa Semiarid, as an alternative to reuse of wastewater for food production and reducing the environmental impact caused by the incorrect disposal of the reject. The evaluated system is located in the Experimental Área Caatinga at Embrapa Semi-Arid (Petrolina-PE). The findings about the cycling of nutrients indicated the occurrence of a continuous addition of Ca+2, Mg+2, K+ and Na+ in the soil during the experiment of, 199 kg ha-1, 88 kg ha-1, 51 kg ha-1 and 142 kg ha-1, respectively. The efficiency of removal of Ca+2, Mg+2 and Na+ by Atriplex nummularia was 12,1, 4,3 and 23,9% respectively ; Was observed high loss of nitrogen in the system caused by denitrification process, which decreased the concentration of nitrogen by 72% from beginning to end system, taking this nutrient in insufficient quantities to agricultural area. These results will be used for indicate ways to improve the system. Also, with the isotopic results was concluded that : water undergoes fractionation during the process of reverse osmosis the order of 1,87 to 18O and 10,3 for 2H ; The well water is formed by a mixture of recent water and paleoáguas ; The relationship 18O vs 2H ; has a slope of 4,1, indicating high evaporation of this element ; The soil has an average rated -24 in isotopic 13C in savanna soi and -20 of 13C in the experimental area, indicating an exchange of matter of this area of organic material from Atriplex, which had an average isotopic ratio of -13,7 . of 13C.

Mots clés  : Água salobra ; Atriplex nummularia ; Brackish water ; Dessalinização ; Efluentes ; Environmental isotopes. ; Isótopos estáveis ; Nutrientes ; Plantas halófitas ; Sistemas de produção ; Sodicity ; Solo sódico. ; Ecologia Aplicada

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