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Universidade Federal da Bahia (2010)

Rancho do Jatobá do meio do mundo : etnografia da agricultura Pankararé e a relação dos índios com o ambiente

Modercin, Isabel Fróes

Titre : Rancho do Jatobá do meio do mundo : etnografia da agricultura Pankararé e a relação dos índios com o ambiente

Auteur : Modercin, Isabel Fróes

Université de soutenance : Universidade Federal da Bahia

Grade : Mestre 2010

Description
The present work aimed to study the relationship of Pankararé people with the environment in which they live. It is an ethnography focused on natural resource management as well as in the perception and attribution of meaning to the natural elements of the territory by the indigenous group. For this I used literature sources and ethnographic material. The study took place on the indigenous land Pankararé and the indigenous land Brejo do Burgo, located on the municipalities of Paulo Afonso, Glória and Rodelas (Bahia), where about 1,500 people live.The region, known as Raso da Catarina, is one of the driest of the semi-arid region of Bahia where predominates the Caatinga biome. The Pankararé people inhabited this region for several generations and thus developed a comprehensive and detailed knowledge of the territory. This body of knowledge about natural resources - such as the classification of plants and animals - as well as land use and perception are part of a dynamic subordinated to an outstanding feature of the local ecology : the existence of two complementary environments, the brejo (swamp) "civilized" and the raso (shallow) "raw" (wild). This opposition is not only restricted to the environmental character, but also follows the criteria of social and symbolic relevance. In this sense, the study also aimed to investigate the expressions involving "to live of the agriculture" - associated with living in the brejo - and "to live of the forest" - referring to the way of life typical of the raso. Thus, I performed a review of studies on ethnobiology and ethnoecology about the Pankararé, followed by field research, based on participant observation, in order to deepen both the understanding of the use of the resources of the raso as to describe the knowledge and techniques management involved in agricultural work and therefore how these two worlds are intertwined in the integrated management of the indigenous territory.

Mots clés  : Etnoecologia ; Raso da Catarina ; Índios Pankararé ; Povos indígenas

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