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Accueil du site → Doctorat → Allemagne → 2011 → Source, facies, and sedimentary environments of the Middle to Upper Jurassic strata in the Kerman and Tabas areas, east-central Iran

Universität Würzburg (2011)

Source, facies, and sedimentary environments of the Middle to Upper Jurassic strata in the Kerman and Tabas areas, east-central Iran

Masoud Zamani Pedram

Titre : Source, facies, and sedimentary environments of the Middle to Upper Jurassic strata in the Kerman and Tabas areas, east-central Iran

Auteur : Masoud Zamani Pedram

Université de soutenance : Universität Würzburg

Grade : Doctoral Thesis 2011

Résumé
The present study concerned mainly on the source, facies, and sedimentary environments of the Middle to Upper Jurassic strata in the Kerman and Tabas areas, east-central Iran. The composition of sandstones, and heavy mineral analysis point to pre-existing sedimentary, low, middle to upper rank metamorphic, and plutonic rocks of the Kalmard, Posht-e-Badam, Bayazeh, and Zarand-Kerman areas as the source rocks. According to the diagram of WELTJE et al. (1998), most samples from the Middle-Upper Jurassic rocks suggest a moderate to high elevation of the source area, and indicate a semi-arid and mediterranean to sub-humid climate. In the Qt-F-L ternary diagrams of DICKINSON et al. (1983), most point counting data from the Lower Siliciclastic Member and the top of the Hojedk Formation plot in the recycled orogen (Quartzose recycled) area of the diagram. The sandstones in this area can be interpreted as being derived from the Mid-Cimmerian Movements. Sixteen different types of siliciclastic-carbonate, and evaporatic sedimentary environments have been recognized. Thirty-nine macroinvertebrate taxa have been identified. Ten ichnotaxa have been taxonomically described from the Middle to Upper Jurassic rocks. Quite likely, before rotation of CEIM which were associated with counterclockwise block-rotation, equivalent rocks of the Bidou Formation occurred along the tectonic zone between the Yazd and the Tabas blocks (probably during the Middle Jurassic to Lower Cretaceous). However, from the Cretaceous onwards, most of the Bidou Formation has been removed by a combination of strike-slip and reverse movements of the Kashmar-Kerman tectonic zone. Roughly, these block-rotation movements occurred after the Cretaceous. During the Middle to Upper Jurassic, the tectonic activities were vertical movements producing the sedimentary pattern in the CEIM

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