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North-West University (2015)

Mitigating the effects of recurrent drought : the case of Setlagole community, Ratlou Municipality (North West Province)

Shoroma, Lesego Bradley

Titre : Mitigating the effects of recurrent drought : the case of Setlagole community, Ratlou Municipality (North West Province)

Auteur : Shoroma, Lesego Bradley

Université de soutenance : North-West University, Potchefstroom Campus

Grade : Master Development and Management 2015

Résumé
Disasters have increased in frequency and their impact has been intensely felt on the continent. This frequently results in damage to the resources and infrastructure on which humans rely on for survival and quality of life. When disasters strike, large segments of the population are faced with devastating consequences, which include food shortages, limited shelter and inadequate health services. Disasters are a result of a complex mix of natural and other hazards, including human actions and vulnerabilities. They consist of a combination of factors that determine the potential for people to be exposed to particular types of hazards. The frequency and impact of disasters in South Africa has increased significantly, the most common type of disaster being drought. Droughts are the result of reduced amounts of rain received over a long period of time, but it includes delays at the beginning of the precipitation season that affects crops that depend on the rain. For the purpose of this study, agricultural and socioeconomic drought received attention. Agricultural drought is when the humidity in the soil is not sufficient to assist crop production and growth in the area. Socio-economic drought arises when economic activities aligned with other elements do not meet the population demand. Agricultural droughts often have the latent effect of reducing agricultural production to such an extent that the livelihoods of the communal farmers are threatened. Drought effects often result in shrivelling crops, loss of water resources, vegetation and a decrease in livestock forage for communal farmers. This, in turn, leads to a decreased availability of food and the overall loss of livelihoods. In addition, activities such as crop growing and grazing conditions for livestock remain vulnerable, yet rural communities rely on these to generate income. The most severe impact of droughts do not simply include the absence of food supply for the community, but rather correlates directly with the severity and the duration of droughts. This often increases the community’s vulnerability. The empirical findings were concluded from focus groups interviews and semistructured interviews as data collection for the study. The data collected from the field was compared to the Sustainable Livelihood Framework. The analysis revealed that drought mitigation in South Africa only exists in governmental policy documents. Moreover, the lack of a disaster management plan for Setlagole makes it difficult to prepare for drought. An inadequate relationship between farmers and the government also makes it difficult to create a sense of shared vision and mission for drought alleviation. One prominent issue that makes the effects of drought so severe is the process of relief ; it takes too long for the government to give assistance to the farmers. This shows that mitigation measures are needed to prepare both the farmers and the government for drought.

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Page publiée le 13 janvier 2016, mise à jour le 7 juillet 2017