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Wageningen University (2015)

Understanding complexity in managing agro-pastoral dams ecosystem services in Northern Benin

Kpéra, G.N.

Titre : Understanding complexity in managing agro-pastoral dams ecosystem services in Northern Benin

Auteur : Kpéra, G.N.

Université de soutenance : Wageningen University

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 2015

Résumé
Agro-pastoral dams (APDs) – water reservoirs constructed to provide water for livestock and for agricultural development – have been constructed all over Benin. These APDs face several conflicts (farmers versus herders, council versus vegetable producers, fishermen versus council, and fishermen and APD users versus crocodiles) rooted in the multi-functionality of APDs and the involvement of diverse stakeholders. Using the integral ecology framework as the conceptual inspiration, the research gained insights on : (i) the complexity of APDs that impedes agreement on common rules for their management, (ii) the way stakeholders frame the presence of crocodiles, (iii) the health status of the APD ecosystem by using water quality, fish diversity, and fish biomass as indicators, (iv) the constraints that hinder vegetable production around the APDs. The study suggests that an innovation platform should be established in which all the stakeholders can discuss changes, resulting in optimal use of APD ecosystem services and their management.

Mots clés : benin - ecosystem services - water management - agriculture and environment - resource management - multi-stakeholder processes

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Page publiée le 15 septembre 2016, mise à jour le 1er janvier 2018