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Wageningen University (2014)

Manually drilled wells and its effect in the livelihood capitals of smallholder agricultures in rural communities of Sofala province, Mozambique

Sánchez, A.

Titre : Manually drilled wells and its effect in the livelihood capitals of smallholder agricultures in rural communities of Sofala province, Mozambique

Auteur : Sánchez, A.

Université de soutenance : Wageningen University

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2014

Résumé
Making micro-Agricultural Water Management (AWM) technologies more accessible to smallholder farmers have an important role in improving agricultural production, reduce vulnerability and improve livelihood of poor farmers. Manual drilling well (MDW) is a popular affordable solution for smallholders to use groundwater resources for agriculture purposes. Based on this argument, the study has examined how a reliable water supply provided by the use of MDW influences the livelihood of households in rural communities of the Province of Sofala, Mozambique. The sustainable livelihood approach was used to analyse the changes in the livelihood assets due the introduction of the technology. The study has used semistructures interview, participant field observation and a literature review of previous research in the area. The main findings of the study indicated that the addition of MDW into the households’ assets might lead to an increase in the household income and diversification into cash crops. The assessment of the livelihood capitals reveals that lack of financial structures limit households access to the technology. Farmers’ lack of experience with producing cash crops, the level of education and family labour are factors that affected the outcomes of livelihood strategies and the benefits of the incorporation of MDW might be identified in a long term. Therefore, the findings recall that interventions in AWM for smallholder agriculture must consider the heterogeneity of households´ livelihood. The main recommendation for NGO´s and governments promoting AWM technologies and techniques, is positive for the interventions to match what resources the household possess with the needs the farmer consider as a priority, instead of promoting technologies driven by incomegenerating activities and increased of productivity as principal outcome.

Mots clés : wells - water supply - small farms - livelihoods - rural communities - sustainable development - water management - mozambique

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Page publiée le 5 février 2016, mise à jour le 18 octobre 2018