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Sudan University of Science and Technology (SUST) 2014

Means Of Achieving Sustainable Livelihood and food security in Al – Jommueya Area Khartoum State

Adam, Mohamed Sh. Abdu Samad

Titre : Means Of Achieving Sustainable Livelihood and food security in Al – Jommueya Area Khartoum State

Auteur : Adam, Mohamed Sh. Abdu Samad

Université de soutenance : Sudan University of Science and Technology (SUST)

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 2014

Résumé
This study has been carried out in Jommueya area Khartoum State. It was to identify the means of achieving sustainable livelihood and food security. The study was aimed at identifying how food security is obtained by households in the area by examining the sources of incomes, annual earnings, occupations and the social services which exist in the area. The characteristics which were selected to help in identifying the means of achieving sustainable livelihood and food security for the households such as gender, Age, marital status, household size, education level and main occupation. The main objective of this study was find out the means of agricultural production and productivity, the obstacles which are faced by the farmers and to evaluate the role of agricultural extension services in response to the benefits of the role of technology transfer. The research sample was taken randomly by using primary data which was chosen from three hundred households of (10) ten villages from a total population of (67) villages in the study area. Secondary data was taken as the literature review which used the relevant references about the means of achieving sustainable livelihood and food security internationally. Statistical package for social science (SPSS) was used to analyze the data , presenting the results in descriptive statistics, frequency distribution and percentages, the profile sample and Chi – Square test of significance (0.05) were used to detect the dependency of the variables of the study( the dependent and independent variable). The main results of the study were the following. The main result of the study area from shows that the majority of the respondents in study area have farm size of 0 –less 5 feddan was 30.3%. The majorities of the respondents of the study area grow cereal and forage crops which represents 24.0%. The majority of the respondents in the study area raise animal for milk purposes which represents 32.3% .This help as means the source of income generation in the study area. The obstacles and barriers for high costs and low production which represents 24.0%, 22.7% respectively. The majority of the respondents in the study area reported that the role of technology transfer and agricultural extension services were poor and medium which represents 46.0%, and 17.3% respectively.. The results also show that the majority of the respondents face with poor financing and drought and poor agricultural inputs which represents 35.0%, 13.7 %, respectively. The studies also find out that the other source were casual labouring which represent 53.3%

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