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University of Copenhagen (2014)

Tanzania’s Wildlife Management Areas : Looking to Local Communities as the Key for Sustainable, Green and Smart Development

Loveless Stephanie

Titre : Tanzania’s Wildlife Management Areas : Looking to Local Communities as the Key for Sustainable, Green and Smart Development

Auteur : Loveless Stephanie

Université de soutenance : University of Copenhagen (KU), Denmark

Grade : Master Thesis 2014

Résumé
Tanzania is dependent on revenue from tourism, a sector that can only thrive if conservation efforts to protect its prized ecosystems and species rich biodiversity are taken on. Efforts have resulted in securing a variety of protected areas from game reserves, to game controlled areas, national parks and more recently, the participatory conservation scheme called Wildlife Management Areas (WMAs).
Yet, because, Tanzania lacks the financial resources and manpower to fully protect their wilderness areas and esteemed wildlife, the WMA scheme includes mobilization of communities in assisting with conservation by giving up a parcel of land for protection. In exchange communities receive education on how to manage land sustainably, receive revenues from tourism and aid in community development goals.This participatory WMA model, oft referred to as a win-win situation, is explored in this study, shedding light on the process of including communities in conservation and the impact on local livelihoods.
The results of this study point to a lack of inclusion of communities, resulting in resistance, little education on conservation and a scheme that is in large part rejected by residents. Findings suggest effective conservation and sustainable development inTanzanian WMAs requires community mobilization and a dire need for improving policies and processes that emphasize and empower local communities, to encourage their participation and willingness in protecting conservation areas

Présentation (Danida Research Portal)

Page publiée le 29 janvier 2017, mise à jour le 5 juin 2018