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Aarhus University Denmark (2012)

Obstacles and possibilities for implementing weaver ants as a means to improve food security in Africa : a case study from Parakou in Northern Benin

Tawung-aka Vitalis Beza

Titre : Obstacles and possibilities for implementing weaver ants as a means to improve food security in Africa : a case study from Parakou in Northern Benin

Auteur : Tawung-aka Vitalis Beza

Université de soutenance : Aarhus University Denmark

Grade : Master Thesis 2012

Résumé
This thesis analysis and discuss the obstacles and possibilities of increasing food security in Parakou by using one of its natural resources like weaver ants. This research study analyzes how fruit fly attacks could reduce the amount of fruits sold by mango farmers and hence render them food insecure. However, it became obvious that not much has been done in order to avoid these attacks by fruit flies, and likewise, the awareness of weaver ants as bio control agent and other pest control measures was lacking amongst the mango farmers. Further, the fact that weaver ants can be used as a source of protein food, like it has been seen in Asia and Australia, was also unknown to the population of Parakou and Sub-Sahara Africa in general. The data collected from interviews with the market women in Parakou shows that they are willing to sell weaver ant queen larvae if there are clients to buy it ; demonstrating that marketing is not an obstacle. Interviews with city dwellers and small-scale farmers point to the fact that the population of Parakou is not interested in eating the weaver ant queen larvae, and therefore this thesis argues that more awareness about the positive effects by using weaver ants in both farming and as a part of the diet needs to be created.
In conclusion, implementing weaver ant for improving food security cannot be realized overnight. Much time is needed to educate the population on weaver ant benefits. As such, it is obvious that the successive use of weaver ants as pest control agent in mango plantation in Parakou as well as SSA in general will improve the availability of food, increase access to adequate quantity of food consumed, increase food stability and finally, optimize the utilization of food and hence improve the food security status of farmers in the area.

Présentation (Danida Research Portal)

Page publiée le 31 août 2016, mise à jour le 1er mars 2020