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Danida - Agence danoise pour le développement international 2008

The potential of Bambara Groundnut Genetic Resources (Burkina Faso ; Tanzania)

Bambara Groundnut Genetic

Danida - Agence danoise pour le développement international

Titre du projet : The potential of Bambara Groundnut Genetic Resources (Burkina Faso ; Tanzania)

Pays : Burkina Faso ; Tanzania

Durée  : December 31, 2008 - December 31, 2011

Project Type : Smaller projects : Postdoc

Description
Bambara groundnut is an African legume grown in a variety of agro-ecological environments. It has an underground pod development similar to groundnut. The crop is considered drought resistant and appreciated as a local source of food. Apart from its generally good resistance to adverse conditions it plays a particular role in food security as it, unlike groundnut, can be harvested before ripening and thus provide food during the so called hunger gap. In many regions it is considered a women’s crop and often fetches a premium price on local markets. Some research has been undertaken, but no systematic improvement of the crop has been attempted and there are no commercial varieties available. Despite its hardy nature and relatively high yielding under poor conditions the lag of development compared to other crops has made it become less important. Large unexploited collections of landraces have been established but only partly been described. Earlier research has largely been based on quite heterogeneous landraces which are problematic for detailed physiological studies. The unpredicable climate in Africa highlights the importance of developing hardy crops such as bambara groundnut. The objective of this project is to contribute to a fundament for future development of the crop. In this project, an ideotype for bambara groundnut will be proposed to increase yield potential without sacrificing its hardiness and drought resistance. Such traits will include morphological traits as leaf area index, seeds per pod, seed size, internode length, determinancy of leaf initiation and root development and physiological traits as drought signaling, stomata regulation, stay green mechanisms. Single plants from landraces with characteristic traits will be genetically stabilised and tested under various agro-ecological conditions and variation of yield determining agronomic traits, their interrelation and relation to shifting environments will be evaluated. Variation in drought resistant mechanisms will be tested partly in field trials in Africa and partly under controlled conditions in Denmark. The identification of genotypes with good drought resistant characteristics will be a basis for future systematic development of the crop. Genetic stable and superior lines can, due to the strong inbreeding nature of the crop, be maintained by farmers and will be handed over to National Seed Programs and NGO’s for multiplication and dissemination.

Organisme leader : University of Copenhagen (KU) Denmark

Partenaires : National Plant Genetic Resource Centre,Tanzania  ; National Institute of Environmental and Agricultural Research (INERA), Burkina Faso

Financement : DKK 2,855,025

Présentation : DANIDA

Page publiée le 1er octobre 2016, mise à jour le 6 novembre 2017